Between Choice and Coercion: Women and the Politics of Sterilization in North Carolina, 1929-1975

  title={Between Choice and Coercion: Women and the Politics of Sterilization in North Carolina, 1929-1975},
  author={Johanna Schoen},
  journal={Journal of Women's History},
  pages={132 - 156}
  • J. Schoen
  • Published 1 April 2001
  • History
  • Journal of Women's History
Between 1929 and 1975, the North Carolina Eugenics Board authorized over eight thousand eugenic sterilizations. By stressing the irreversible and permanent effects of sterilization, historians have emphasized the involuntary character of sterilization for poor and minority women. They have associated sterilization with coercion and abortion and birth control with women's liberation, thus situating them at opposite poles. Yet the eugenic sterilization program ironically offered rare access to a… 

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