Best practices for implementing federal environmental policies: a principal-agent perspective

  title={Best practices for implementing federal environmental policies: a principal-agent perspective},
  author={Luke Fowler},
  journal={Journal of Environmental Planning and Management},
  pages={1453 - 1469}
  • Luke Fowler
  • Published 22 October 2019
  • Economics
  • Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
In the US, federal environmental policies tend to be implemented by subnational agencies through intergovernmental management systems, which results in state governments serving as agents of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Therefore, principal-agent dynamics create a key challenge for implementing federal environmental policies, as goal incongruence and information asymmetries lead to conflict. As such, we argue some best practices are those that mitigate principal-agent problems by… 
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