Best-Evidence Synthesis: An Alternative to Meta-Analytic and Traditional Reviews

  title={Best-Evidence Synthesis: An Alternative to Meta-Analytic and Traditional Reviews},
  author={Robert E. Slavin},
  journal={Educational Researcher},
  pages={11 - 5}
  • R. Slavin
  • Published 1 November 1986
  • Psychology
  • Educational Researcher
This paper proposes an alternative to both meta-analytic and traditional reviews. The method, “best-evidence synthesis,” combines the quantification of effect sizes and systematic study selection procedures of quantitative syntheses with the attention to individual studies and methodological and substantive issues typical of the best narrative reviews. Best-evidence syntheses focus on the “best evidence” in a field, the studies highest in internal and external validity, using well-specified and… 

Meta-analysis or best-evidence synthesis?

-Prof. H.J. Eysenck Institute of Psychiatry University of London Denmark Hill LOndOn UK Abstract This article examines the usefulness of meta-analysis, and articulates many of the criticisms that

Grounded Meta-Analysis: A Guide for Research Synthesis

Abstract: Research synthesis has been used increasingly to integrate knowledge. Quantitative techniques, however, present special problems. Using Glaser and Strauss (1975) as a model, the authors

On 'systematic' reviews of research literatures: A 'narrative' response to Evans & Benefield

The production of 'systematic' reviews of research findings has recently come to be treated as a priority in the field of education, and other areas too. Such reviews are believed to play an

Examining Theoretical Models through Research Synthesis

  • B. Becker
  • Sociology, Business
    Evaluation & the health professions
  • 2001
The author describes how to incorporate models into each stage of a review, outlining problems and limitations that may arise at each stage.

Deficiencies of Reporting in Meta-Analyses and Some Remedies

There is general agreement that meta-analysis is an important tool for synthesizing study results in quantitative educational research. Yet, a shared feature of many meta-analyses is a failure to

Meta-Analyses Relating Goal Structures to Achievement: Findings, Controversies, and Impacts

Meta-analytic methods are designed to bring order to diverse and complex literatures by summarizing and synthesizing the findings of empirical studies. This article examines how meta-analytic methods

Achieving synthesis with meta-analysis by combining and comparing all available studies.

The intention with this commentary is to explore how stringent the inclusion criteria should be for meta analysis and the consequences for the breadth or narrowness of the resulting review.

Best-Evidence Synthesis: Why Less Is More

What mostly differentiates bestevidence synthesis from metaanalysis is not issues relating to inclusion, but rather the requirement is a best-evidence synthesis that the studies on which the argument depends be identified and described in enough detail to allow the reader to understand what the body of research really investigated and what it found.

Meta-Analysis: A Statistical Method to Integrate Information Provided by Different Studies

Meta-analyses are a supplement to RCTs, which remain the gold standard for evaluating the efficacy of therapeutic interventions, but need to be supplemented by meta-analyses in order to broaden the



Methods for Integrative Reviews

This study examined methods for reviews of research that focus on inferring generalizations about substantive issues from a set of studies directly bearing on those issues. The purposes were to: (1)

Reviewing the literature: A comparison of traditional methods with meta-analysis.

Meta-analysis is the name given to a set of techniques for reviewing research in which the data from different studies are statistically combined. Meta-analysts have criticized the more traditional

Meta-Analysis: Cumulating Research Findings Across Studies

Meta-analysis is a way of synthesizing previous research on a subject in order to assess what has already been learned, and even to derive new conclusions from the mass of already researched data. In

Meta-Analysis in Education: How Has It Been Used?

In traditional, descriptive reviews of research, different reviewers of the same body of research will draw markedly different conclusions, often in line with the reviewers' own biases.

Meta-analysis in social research

Peer-review practices of psychological journals: The fate of published articles, submitted again

Abstract A growing interest in and concern about the adequacy and fairness of modern peer-review practices in publication and funding are apparent across a wide range of scientific disciplines.

A Meta-Analysis of Selected Studies on the Effectiveness of Bilingual Education

A meta-analysis of selected studies on the efficacy of bilingual education was conducted and the results were compared with a traditional review of the same literature. When statistical controls for

Statistical Methods for Meta-Analysis

Preface. Introduction. Data Sets. Tests of Statistical Significance of Combined Results. Vote-Counting Methods. Estimation of a Single Effect Size: Parametric and Nonparametric Methods. Parametric

Instructional Effects of Cues, Participation, and Corrective Feedback: A Quantitative Synthesis

To estimate the instructional effects of cues, participation, and corrective feedback on learning, 94 effect sizes were calculated from statistical data in 54 studies containing a combined sample of

Meta-analytic procedures for social research

Introduction Defining Research Results Retrieving and Assessing Research Results Comparing and Combining Research Results Combining Probabilities Illustrations of Meta-Analytic Procedures The