Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

  title={Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo},
  author={D. Solomon},
  journal={Current Treatment Options in Neurology},
  • D. Solomon
  • Published 2000
  • Medicine
  • Current Treatment Options in Neurology
Opinion statementBenign paroxysmal positional vertigo can be diagnosed with great certainty, and treated effectively at the bedside using one of the canalith repositioning procedures described in this paper. This treatment has been shown effective in properly controlled trials, has a rational basis, and has minimal risk [1]. 

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Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.
Although many patients with positionally provoked vertigo have typical benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, physicians should be aware of nonbenign variants. Expand
The mechanics of benign paroxysmal vertigo.
Division of BPV into two types (fatiguable and nonfatIGuable) will simplify and rationalize the management of this common complaint. Expand
A cure for benign positional vertigo.
The pathophysiology of this condition can be explained theoretically on the basis of free-floating particles within the endolymph of the posterior semicircular canal that move under the influence of gravity with certain provocative positional changes. Expand
Post-treatment instructions in the nonsurgical management of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.
It is shown that both maneuvers in BPPV were equally successful in controlling the symptoms and that post-treatment instructions were not necessary. Expand
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the horizontal canal: a form of canalolithiasis with variable clinical features.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the horizontal semicircular canal (HC-BPPV) is a well-defined syndrome characterized by direction-changing horizontal positional nystagmus, and it is sustained that the clinical findings can be explained by movement of endolymph caused by displacement of otoconia in the semicircULAR canals. Expand
Horizontal semicircular canal variant of benign positional vertigo
The clinical features and results of quantitative eye-movement testing in patients with episodic positional vertigo and nonfatiguing direction-changing horizontal positional nystagmus support a peripheral localization of the lesion. Expand
The Canalith Repositioning Procedure: For Treatment of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
  • J. Epley
  • Medicine
  • Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • 1992
The results of the Canalith Repositioning Procedure support an alternative theory that the densities that impart gravity-sensitivity to a semicircular canal in BPPV are free in the canal, rather than attached to the cupula. Expand
[Repositioning maneuver in benign paroxysmal vertigo of horizontal semicircular canal].
  • M. Gufoni, L. Mastrosimone, F. di Nasso
  • Medicine
  • Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica : organo ufficiale della Societa italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale
  • 1998
Another maneuver has been developed and is described, similar to the Semont maneuver, moving the patient from a seated position to a position on the right or left side, depending the pathology and type of vertigo (geotropic/apogeotropic). Expand
Horizontal canal BPV.
  • J. Mcclure
  • Medicine
  • The Journal of otolaryngology
  • 1985
Seven patients with a clinical picture consistent with horizontal canal BPV are reported on, with characteristic features are brief vertigo and horizontal nystagmus precipitated by head movement into or out of one of the lateral positions. Expand
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
A retrospective analysis of patients tested at the Johns Hopkins Otological Vestibular Laboratory found coexisting or associated disorders which included Meniere's disease, head trauma, prior ear surgery, audiograms, questionnaires, and hospital charts was performed. Expand