Benign Violations

@article{McGraw2010BenignV,
  title={Benign Violations},
  author={A. Peter McGraw and Caleb Warren},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  year={2010},
  volume={21},
  pages={1141 - 1149}
}
Humor is an important, ubiquitous phenomenon; however, seemingly disparate conditions seem to facilitate humor. We integrate these conditions by suggesting that laughter and amusement result from violations that are simultaneously seen as benign. We investigated three conditions that make a violation benign and thus humorous: (a) the presence of an alternative norm suggesting that the situation is acceptable, (b) weak commitment to the violated norm, and (c) psychological distance from the… 

You Must Be Joking! Benign Violations, Power Asymmetry, and Humor in a Broader Social Context

TLDR
It is argued that the BVT needs to distinguish between different perspectives in a given situation, and needs to account for the social distance between the two parties as well as between each of them and the joke, and that power asymmetry may explain certain disagreements over whether something is funny.

Humorous Complaining

Although complaints document dissatisfaction, some are also humorous. The article introduces the concept of humorous complaining and draws on the benign violation theory—which proposes that humor

Who Finds Benign Moral Violations Amusing

Recently McGraw and Warren put forward the benign-violation hypothesis of humor. One of their key findings was that if a violation could be seen as both wrong and not wrong, i.e. morally ambiguous,

Why so serious? A laboratory and field investigation of the link between morality and humor.

TLDR
The research shows that there can be offsetting costs associated with an internalized moral identity: reduced humor and subsequent likability in the workplace.

Don't Worry, It's Not Real: How Humor and Violation Severity Varies with Hypothetical Psychological Distance

We seek to examine how the level of “hypotheticality” (how real or abstract something seems) affects humor in this study. Under the Benign Violation Theory of humor (McGraw & Warren, 2010), or BVT,

Moral Foundation Sensitivity and Perceived Humor

The benign-violation theory of humor (McGraw & Warren, 2010) predicts that funniness should be an inverted-U function of perceived severity of violation. We tested this prediction for jokes targeting

Supplemental Material for Why So Serious? A Laboratory and Field Investigation of the Link Between Morality and Humor

  • Kai Chi Yam
  • Psychology
    Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
  • 2019
Previous research has identified many positive outcomes resulting from a deeply held moral identity, while overlooking potential negative social consequences for the moral individual. Drawing from

Moral Evaluations of Humor Apply Beyond Just Those Telling the Joke

Humor involves both joke-tellers and listeners, both of whom are subject to observers' evaluations. Past research has suggested a tension between humor and morality such that moral individuals may be

What makes things funny ? Evidence for the benign-violation theory of humour

Research has demonstrated that experiencing amusement is commonly associated with physical, emotional, social and psychological benefits. As such it is valuable to understand what it is that makes

Transgressions and Expressions

Recent investigations into morality suggest that affective responses may precede moral judgments. The present study investigated, first, whether individuals show specific facial affect in response to
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 44 REFERENCES

CHAPTER 5 – The Social Psychology of Humor

Affect, culture, and morality, or is it wrong to eat your dog?

TLDR
For Brazilian and U.S. adults and children of high and low socioeconomic status, moral judgments were better predicted by affective reactions than by appraisals of harmfulness and suggestions are made for building cross-culturally valid models of moral judgment.

The Game of Humor: A Comprehensive Theory of Why We Laugh

Humor, wit, and laughter surround each person. From everyday quips to the carefully contrived comedy of literature, newspapers, and television we experience humor in many forms, yet the impetus for

A theory of humor elicitation.

TLDR
A general theory of humor elicitation is presented that specifies the conditions in which humor is experienced in both social and nonsocial situations and the cognitive underpinnings of responses to ethnic humor and to the humor that is elicited by one's own behavior in social situations.

The neurology and evolution of humor, laughter, and smiling: the false alarm theory.

Can people feel happy and sad at the same time?

TLDR
Results suggest that although affective experience may typically be bipolar, the underlying processes, and occasionally the resulting experience of emotion, are better characterized as bivariate.

The CAD triad hypothesis: a mapping between three moral emotions (contempt, anger, disgust) and three moral codes (community, autonomy, divinity).

TLDR
Students in the United States and Japan were presented with descriptions of situations that involve 1 of the types of moral violations and asked to assign either an appropriate facial expression or an appropriate word (contempt, anger, disgust, or their translations) which generally supported the CAD triad hypothesis.

On the Consumption of Negative Feelings

How can the hedonistic assumption (i.e., people's willingness to pursue pleasure and avoid pain) be reconciled with people choosing to expose themselves to experiences known to elicit negative

Disgust as Embodied Moral Judgment

TLDR
Experiments 2-4 showed that the role of disgust in severity of moral judgments depends on participants' sensitivity to their own bodily sensations, indicating the importance—and specificity—of gut feelings in moral judgments.

A study of laughter and dissociation: distinct correlates of laughter and smiling during bereavement.

TLDR
Laughter, which involves orbicularis oculi muscle action, related to self-reports of reduced anger and increased enjoyment, the dissociation of distress, better social relations, and positive responses from strangers, whereas non-Duchenne laughter did not.