# Benefits of Handwritten Input for Students Learning Algebra Equation Solving

@inproceedings{Anthony2007BenefitsOH, title={Benefits of Handwritten Input for Students Learning Algebra Equation Solving}, author={Lisa Anthony and Jie Yang and K. Koedinger}, booktitle={AIED}, year={2007} }

Building on past results establishing a benefit for using handwriting when entering mathematics on the computer, we hypothesize that handwriting as an input modality may be able to provide significant advantages over typing in the mathematics learning domain. We report the results of a study in which middle and high school students used a software tutor for algebra equation solving with either typing or handwriting as the input modality. We found that handwriting resulted in similar learning…

## 21 Citations

### Adapting handwriting recognition for applications in algebra learning

- Computer ScienceEmme '07
- 2007

The research is motivated by the hypothesis that handwriting as an input modality may be able to provide significant advantages over typing in the mathematics learning domain and to pursue further technical and pedagogical enhancements.

### Developing Handwriting-based Intelligent Tutors to Enhance Mathematics Learning

- Computer Science
- 2008

This dissertation shows that handwriting provides usability benefits in that speed of entry increases, user error decreases, and user satisfaction increases, and that handwriting may also provide learning benefits: students solving the same problems by handwriting as others who are typing experience a faster learning rate.

### Does handwriting impact learning on math tutoring systems?

- Computer ScienceInformatics in Education
- 2021

This study investigates the impact of the data input method on students’ learning andency in solving equations using step-based math ITSs, and finds that the input method used in a not ideal device can negatively aﬀect the students‘ learning.

### A paradigm for handwriting-based intelligent tutors

- Computer ScienceInt. J. Hum. Comput. Stud.
- 2012

### The Use of Handwriting Input in Math Tutoring Systems: An Use Case with PAT2Math

- Computer Science2017 IEEE 17th International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT)
- 2017

A tool for Math ITSs that uses the student handwriting as data input was integrated into PAT2Math, an algebraic ITS, for an experimental evaluation in a public school with 48 students and no difference between groups was found.

### Handwriting Interaction for Math Tutors: Lessons for HCI in Education

- Computer Science
- 2011

The technical and research challenges in making an ITS-embedded handwriting recognition system usable by middle and high school algebra students are described and can be informative in designing usable and pedagogically-effective educational technology systems in the future.

### Pen-based Methods For Recognition and Animation of Handwritten Physics Solutions

- Computer Science
- 2014

This work has constructed a prototype ITS that can recognize mathematics and diagrams in a handwritten solution and infer implicit relationships among diagram elements, mathematics and annotations such as arrows and dotted lines, and constructs a novel algorithm for checking recognized student solutions.

### PAT2Math + Handwriting: Evoluindo Sistemas Tutores de Matemática com reconhecimento da escrita à mão

- Psychology
- 2017

Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs) for Math still use traditional methods of input, such as computer keyboard and mouse. This strategy exposes students to a high extraneous cognitive load, due to…

### Conceptualization, development and implementation of a web-based system for automatic evaluation of mathematical expressions

- Computer ScienceComput. Educ.
- 2015

### The WOZ Recognizer

- Computer ScienceACM Trans. Interact. Intell. Syst.
- 2015

A Wizard of Oz sketch recognition tool that supports controlled recognition accuracy, multiple recognition modes, and multiple sketching domains for performing controlled experiments and an expert user case study is presented that examines the WOZ Recognizer’s usability.

## References

SHOWING 1-7 OF 7 REFERENCES

### Evaluation of multimodal input for entering mathematical equations on the computer

- Computer ScienceCHI Extended Abstracts
- 2005

A multimodal input method combining handwriting and speech is explored because it is hypothesize that it may enhance computer recognition and aid user cognition and was indeed faster, more efficient and enjoyed the handwriting modality more than a standard keyboard-and-mouse mathematics interface.

### Scaffolding Problem Solving with Annotated, Worked-Out Examples to Promote Deep Learning

- EducationIntelligent Tutoring Systems
- 2006

This study compares the relative utility of an intelligent tutoring system that uses procedure-based hints to a version that uses worked-out examples for learning college level physics and found that providing examples was at least as effective as the hint sequences.

### Quiet interfaces that help students think

- Computer ScienceUIST
- 2006

Cognitive Load Theory provides a coherent and powerful basis for predicting the rank ordering of users' performance by type of interface and suggests new interfaces for areas like education and mobile computing could benefit from designs that minimize users' load.

### A Tutorial Dialog System to Support Self- Explanation: Evaluation and Open Questions

- Education
- 2003

It is more difficult for students to produce accurate free-form explanations than expected and it may be better to delay strict requirements on explanation quality for students early in learning to increase explanation strictness gradually.

### Multimedia in Learning

- Education, Computer Science
- 2001

A wide variety of media can be used in learning, including distance learning, such as print, lectures, conference sections, tutors, pictures, video, sound, and computers. Any one instance of distance…

### Technology and Education - Dream or Expectation?

- EconomicsIEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
- 1972

Technology will be utilized by the educational field, but only in those areas where it can be proven to be economically feasible. In the area of improving the quality of education, technology will be…

### Technology and Education. PC Magazine

- Technology and Education. PC Magazine
- 2002