Benefits and Risks of Moderate Alcohol Consumption on Cardiovascular Disease: Current Findings and Controversies

  title={Benefits and Risks of Moderate Alcohol Consumption on Cardiovascular Disease: Current Findings and Controversies},
  author={Gemma Chiva-Blanch and Lina Badim{\'o}n},
Alcohol has a hormetic physiological behavior that results in either increased or decreased cardiovascular risk depending on the amount consumed, drinking frequency, pattern of consumption, and the outcomes under study or even the type of alcoholic beverage consumed. However, the vast majority of studies elucidating the role of alcohol in cardiovascular and in the global burden of disease relies on epidemiological studies of associative nature which carry several limitations. This is why the… 

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