Benefits and Harms of Cranial Electrical Stimulation for Chronic Painful Conditions, Depression, Anxiety, and Insomnia

  title={Benefits and Harms of Cranial Electrical Stimulation for Chronic Painful Conditions, Depression, Anxiety, and Insomnia},
  author={P. Shekelle and I. Cook and Isomi M. Miake-Lye and M. Booth and Jessica M. Beroes and Selene S. Mak},
  journal={Annals of Internal Medicine},
  • P. Shekelle, I. Cook, +3 authors Selene S. Mak
  • Published 2018
  • Medicine
  • Annals of Internal Medicine
  • Cranial electrical stimulation (CES) is a noninvasive method of applying low-intensity electrical current to the head. It is related to but distinct from other forms of transcranial electrical stimulation, including electroconvulsive therapy and transcranial direct current stimulation. Versions of transcranial electrical stimulation vary in the placement of electrodes and the intensity and waveform of the current (1). According to Guleyupoglu and colleagues (1), CES evolved from the concept of… CONTINUE READING
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