Beneficial effects of moderate exercise in arterial hypertension.

@article{Schulze2009BeneficialEO,
  title={Beneficial effects of moderate exercise in arterial hypertension.},
  author={Paul Christian Schulze},
  journal={Hypertension},
  year={2009},
  volume={53 4},
  pages={600-1}
}
Exercise and cardiorespiratory fitness have long been associated with reduced cardiovascular mortality and overall longevity in apparently healthy individuals and also in patients with pre-existing cardiovascular diseases.1,2 It is part of the general recommendations for lifestyle modifications in patients with early forms of cardiovascular disease and has been associated with changes in multiple cardiac risk factors, such as lipid metabolism, insulin resistance, weight, inflammation, and… CONTINUE READING

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However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
This exciting finding alone argues for strong beneficial effects of exercise in this animal model of hypertension and heart failure .
Through their careful and focused analysis of cardiac function , structure , histomorphology , and molecular signaling pattern , the authors provide several answers to the questions that triggered their investigation of exercise as an intervention to prevent the onset of heart failure in hypertension .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
This exciting finding alone argues for strong beneficial effects of exercise in this animal model of hypertension and heart failure .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
Through their careful and focused analysis of cardiac function , structure , histomorphology , and molecular signaling pattern , the authors provide several answers to the questions that triggered their investigation of exercise as an intervention to prevent the onset of heart failure in hypertension .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
Animals in the exercise group also had less hypertrophy indicated by smaller wall thickness of both the left and the right ventricle but slightly enlarged left ventricles compared with their sedentary counterparts .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
However , exercise as a specific therapeutic intervention is difficult to evaluate and dose.3 Controversy exists on the specific form of exercise , such as aerobic versus resistance training , as well as the intensity , duration , and training intervals of the specific form of exercise chosen as a lifestyle intervention regimen.4 Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical data in individuals with hypertension suggest that cardiac and vascular remodeling in hypertension are positively influenced by exercise but also showed detrimental results associated with excessive exercise in an animal model of hypertension.5 Miyachi et al6 studied the effects of moderate exercise on cardiovascular remodeling and function in an established animal model of hypertension with resulting heart failure ( male salt - sensitive Dahl rats ) .
Animals in the exercise group also had less hypertrophy indicated by smaller wall thickness of both the left and the right ventricle but slightly enlarged left ventricles compared with their sedentary counterparts .
Animals in the exercise group also had less hypertrophy indicated by smaller wall thickness of both the left and the right ventricle but slightly enlarged left ventricles compared with their sedentary counterparts .
Animals in the exercise group also had less hypertrophy indicated by smaller wall thickness of both the left and the right ventricle but slightly enlarged left ventricles compared with their sedentary counterparts .
Animals in the exercise group also had less hypertrophy indicated by smaller wall thickness of both the left and the right ventricle but slightly enlarged left ventricles compared with their sedentary counterparts .
Animals in the exercise group also had less hypertrophy indicated by smaller wall thickness of both the left and the right ventricle but slightly enlarged left ventricles compared with their sedentary counterparts .
Animals in the exercise group also had less hypertrophy indicated by smaller wall thickness of both the left and the right ventricle but slightly enlarged left ventricles compared with their sedentary counterparts .
Animals in the exercise group also had less hypertrophy indicated by smaller wall thickness of both the left and the right ventricle but slightly enlarged left ventricles compared with their sedentary counterparts .
Animals in the exercise group also had less hypertrophy indicated by smaller wall thickness of both the left and the right ventricle but slightly enlarged left ventricles compared with their sedentary counterparts .
Animals in the exercise group also had less hypertrophy indicated by smaller wall thickness of both the left and the right ventricle but slightly enlarged left ventricles compared with their sedentary counterparts .
Animals in the exercise group also had less hypertrophy indicated by smaller wall thickness of both the left and the right ventricle but slightly enlarged left ventricles compared with their sedentary counterparts .
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