Beneficial effects of inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase on glucose homeostasis and islet damage in a streptozotocin-induced diabetic mouse model.

Abstract

Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is an enzyme involved in the metabolism of endogenous inflammatory and anti-apoptotic mediators. In the present study, we determined the effects of the inhibition of sEH on glucose homeostasis and islet damage in mice treated with streptozotocin (STZ), a model of chemical-induced diabetes. STZ increased daily water intake and decreased visceral (spleen and pancreas) weight in mice; sEH inhibition in STZ mice decreased water intake, but did not affect visceral weight. Hyperglycemia induced by STZ treatment in mice was attenuated by inhibiting sEH. The beneficial effects of sEH inhibition were accompanied, after 2 and 4 weeks of initial administration, by improving glucose tolerance. In contrast, sEH inhibition did not affect insulin tolerance. Using LC/MS analysis, neither STZ nor STZ plus sEH inhibition affected pancreatic and plasma ratios of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) to dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs), an index of EETs levels. Western blot analysis showed that mouse cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C enzymes are the major epoxygenases in islets. On day 5 after initial STZ treatment, STZ induced islet cell apoptosis, while sEH inhibition in STZ mice significantly reduced islet cell apoptosis. These studies provide pharmacological evidence that inhibiting sEH activity provides significant protection against islet β-cell damage and improves glucose homeostasis in STZ-induced diabetes.

DOI: 10.1016/j.prostaglandins.2012.12.001

Cite this paper

@article{Chen2013BeneficialEO, title={Beneficial effects of inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase on glucose homeostasis and islet damage in a streptozotocin-induced diabetic mouse model.}, author={Lingdan Chen and Cheng Fan and Yi Zhang and Mahinur Bakri and Hua Dong and Christophe H P Morisseau and Krishna Rao Maddipati and Pengcheng Luo and Congyi Wang and Bruce D Hammock and Mong-Heng Wang}, journal={Prostaglandins & other lipid mediators}, year={2013}, volume={104-105}, pages={42-8} }