Bending the curve of terrestrial biodiversity needs an integrated strategy

  title={Bending the curve of terrestrial biodiversity needs an integrated strategy},
  author={David Lecl{\`e}re and Michael Obersteiner and Mike Barrett and Stuart H. M. Butchart and Abhishek Chaudhary and Adriana De Palma and Fabrice A. J. DeClerck and Moreno Di Marco and Jonathan C. Doelman and Martina D{\"u}rauer and Robin Freeman and Mike B. J. Harfoot and Tomoko Hasegawa and Stefanie Hellweg and Jelle P. Hilbers and Samantha L. L. Hill and Florian Humpen{\"o}der and Nancy Jennings and Tam{\'a}s Krisztin and Georgina M. Mace and Haruka Ohashi and Alexander Popp and Andy Purvis and Aafke M. Schipper and Andrzej Tabeau and Hugo Valin and Hans van Meijl and Willem-Jan van Zeist and Piero Visconti and Rob Alkemade and Rosamunde E. A. Almond and Gill Bunting and Neil D. Burgess and Sarah E. Cornell and Fulvio Di Fulvio and Simon Ferrier and Steffen Fritz and Shinichiro Fujimori and Monique Grooten and Tom D. Harwood and Petr Havl{\'i}k and Mario Herrero and Andrew J. Hoskins and Martin Jung and Tom Kram and Hermann Lotze-Campen and Tetsuya Matsui and Carsten Meyer and Deon C. Nel and Tim Newbold and Guido Schmidt-Traub and Elke Stehfest and Bernardo B. N. Strassburg and Detlef P. van Vuuren and Chris Ware and James E. M. Watson and Wenchao Wu and Lucy E. Young},
Increased efforts are required to prevent further losses to terrestrial biodiversity and the ecosystem services that it  provides 1 , 2 . Ambitious targets have been proposed, such as reversing the declining trends in biodiversity 3 ; however, just feeding the growing human population will make this a challenge 4 . Here we use an ensemble of land-use and biodiversity models to assess whether—and how—humanity can reverse the declines in terrestrial biodiversity caused by habitat conversion… 
Limiting the loss of terrestrial ecosystems to safeguard nature for biodiversity and humanity
This work found that at least 67 million km2 of Earth’s natural terrestrial ecosystems require retention – via a combination of strict protection but more prominently through sustainably managed land use regimes complemented by restoration actions – to contribute to biodiversity, climate, soil and freshwater objectives under four United Nations’ Resolutions.
Prioritizing where to restore Earth's ecosystems.
The science of prioritizing where best to invest in ecosystem restoration at global and national scales has lagged behind the many notable scientific advances made in prioritizing additions to protected areas, but now Strassburg and colleagues confront this daunting prioritization challenge head-on using a new multicriteria approach based on a mathematical technique called linear programming.
Areas of global importance for conserving terrestrial biodiversity, carbon and water.
A global assessment of where land could be optimally managed for conservation and a joint optimization that minimizes the number of threatened species, maximizes carbon retention and water quality regulation, and ranks terrestrial conservation priorities globally is presented.
The Policy Implications of the Dasgupta Review: Land Use Change and Biodiversity
  • E. Barbier
  • Environmental Science, Economics
    Environmental & resource economics
  • 2022
The “Dasgupta Review” of the economics of biodiversity (Dasgupta 2021) identifies many factors that threaten the ecological sustainability of our economies. This article examines how two policy
The minimum land area requiring conservation attention to safeguard biodiversity
This work estimates the minimum land area to secure important sites for terrestrial fauna, ecologically intact areas, and the optimal locations for representation of species ranges and ecoregions and discovers that at least 64 million km2 of land requires conservation attention.
Identifying regional drivers of future land-based biodiversity footprints
A research perspective towards a more complete biodiversity footprint: a report from the World Biodiversity Forum
The impact of human activities on biodiversity is increasingly putting at risk the capacity of nature to support human well-being (IPBES 2019). The recent Global Assessment of the Intergovernmental
Neutral theory reveals the challenge of bending the curve for the post‐2020 Global Biodiversity Framework
  • F. Buschke
  • Environmental Science
    Ecology and evolution
  • 2021
Here, neutral theory is applied to show how global biodiversity indicators for population size and extinction threat decline under neutral ecological drift, demonstrating that declining indicators are not solely caused by deterministic species‐specific or geographical patterns of biodiversity loss.
Relative effects of land conversion and land-use intensity on terrestrial vertebrate diversity
Land-use has transformed ecosystems over three quarters of the terrestrial surface, with massive repercussions on biodiversity. Land-use intensity is known to contribute to the effects of land-use on
The biodiversity and ecosystem service contributions and trade-offs of forest restoration approaches
Forest restoration is being scaled up globally to deliver critical ecosystem services and biodiversity benefits; however, there is a lack of rigorous comparison of cobenefit delivery across different


Projecting impacts of global climate and land‐use scenarios on plant biodiversity using compositional‐turnover modelling
The results suggest that environmentally sustainable land-use planning alone might not be sufficient to prevent potentially dramatic biodiversity loss, unless a stabilization of climate to pre-industrial times is observed.
Global effects of land use on local terrestrial biodiversity
A terrestrial assemblage database of unprecedented geographic and taxonomic coverage is analysed to quantify local biodiversity responses to land use and related changes and shows that in the worst-affected habitats, pressures reduce within-sample species richness by an average of 76.5%, total abundance by 39.5% and rarefaction-based richness by 40.3%.
Biodiversity can benefit from climate stabilization despite adverse side effects of land-based mitigation
It is found that stringent GHG mitigation can generally bring a net benefit to global biodiversity even if land-based mitigation is adopted, and this trend is strengthened in the latter half of this century.
Worldwide impacts of past and projected future land-use change on local species richness and the Biodiversity Intactness Index
This paper examines how terrestrial species communities have been impacted over the last thousand years of human development and how plausible futures defined by alternative socio-economic scenarios are expected to impact species communities in the future, and suggests that climate change mitigation itself may also impact biodiversity.
Projecting Global Biodiversity Indicators under Future Development Scenarios
To address the ongoing global biodiversity crisis, governments have set strategic objectives and have adopted indicators to monitor progress toward their achievement. Projecting the likely impacts on
GLOBIO3: A Framework to Investigate Options for Reducing Global Terrestrial Biodiversity Loss
The GLOBIO3 model has been developed to assess human-induced changes in biodiversity, in the past, present, and future at regional and global scales. The model is built on simple cause–effect
Has land use pushed terrestrial biodiversity beyond the planetary boundary? A global assessment
It is estimated that land use and related pressures have already reduced local biodiversity intactness—the average proportion of natural biodiversity remaining in local ecosystems—beyond its recently proposed planetary boundary across 58.1% of the world’s land surface, where 71.4%) of the human population live.
A biodiversity intactness index
A biodiversity intactness index (BII) is proposed for assessing progress towards this target that is simple and practical—but sensitive to important factors that influence biodiversity status—and which satisfies the criteria for policy relevance set by the Convention on Biological Diversity.