Below One Earth: The Detection, Formation, and Properties of Subterrestrial Worlds

@article{Sinukoff2013BelowOE,
  title={Below One Earth: The Detection, Formation, and Properties of Subterrestrial Worlds},
  author={Evan J. Sinukoff and Benjamin J. Fulton and Louis J. Scuderi and Eric Gaidos},
  journal={Space Science Reviews},
  year={2013},
  volume={180},
  pages={71-99}
}
The Solar System includes two planets—Mercury and Mars—significantly less massive than Earth, and all evidence indicates that planets of similar size orbit many stars. In fact, one of the first exoplanets to be discovered is a lunar-mass planet around a millisecond pulsar. Novel classes of exoplanets have inspired new ideas about planet formation and evolution, and these “sub-Earths” should be no exception: they include planets with masses between Mars and Venus for which there are no Solar… 

Mass, Density, and Formation Constraints in the Compact, Sub-Earth Kepler-444 System including Two Mars-mass Planets

Kepler-444 is a five-planet system around a host star approximately 11 billion years old. The five transiting planets all have sub-Earth radii and are in a compact configuration with orbital periods

ATMOSPHERIC DYNAMICS OF TERRESTRIAL EXOPLANETS OVER A WIDE RANGE OF ORBITAL AND ATMOSPHERIC PARAMETERS

The recent discoveries of terrestrial exoplanets and super-Earths extending over a broad range of orbital and physical parameters suggest that these planets will span a wide range of climatic

The California-Kepler Survey. III. A Gap in the Radius Distribution of Small Planets

The size of a planet is an observable property directly connected to the physics of its formation and evolution. We used precise radius measurements from the California-Kepler Survey to study the

Examining the Evidence for Chthonian Planets : Superdense Exposed Exoplanet Cores

Planetary cores are of interest because they provide insight into the internal dynamics and composition of planets. By using mass-radius relationship compositional analysis, this work originally set

THE ENIGMATIC AND EPHEMERAL M DWARF SYSTEM KOI 6705: CHESHIRE CAT OR WILD GOOSE?

We confirm a 0.995 day periodic planetary transit-like signal, KOI 6705.01, in the Kepler light curve of the star KIC 6423922. Optical and infrared spectra show that this star is a mid M-type dwarf

Multiverse Predictions for Habitability: Number of Potentially Habitable Planets

How good is our universe at making habitable planets? The answer to this depends on which factors are important for life: Does a planet need to be Earth mass? Does it need to be inside the temperate

Special Cases: Moons, Rings, Comets, and Trojans

The current status in the search of moons, rings, comets, and trojans in exoplanet systems is reviewed and what future discoveries may occur in the near future are suggested.

Split differential transit photometry

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 186 REFERENCES

Kepler Planet-Detection Mission: Introduction and First Results

The planetary findings derived from the first six weeks of observations with the Kepler mission are summarized, which include the detection of five new exoplanets, which confirm the existence of planets with densities substantially lower than those predicted for gas giant planets.

Two Earth-sized planets orbiting Kepler-20

A statistical method is applied to show that the likelihood of the planetary interpretation of the transit signals is more than three orders of magnitude larger than that of the alternative hypothesis that the signals result from an eclipsing binary star.

Detection of Extrasolar Planets by Gravitational Microlensing

Gravitational microlensing provides a unique window on the properties and prevalence of extrasolar planetary systems because of its ability to find low-mass planets at separations of a few AU. The

An Earth-mass planet orbiting α Centauri B

The detection of an Earth-mass planet orbiting the authors' neighbour star α Centauri B, a member of the closest stellar system to the Sun, is reported.

The Formation and Dynamics of Super-Earth Planets

Super-Earths, objects slightly larger than Earth and slightly smaller than Uranus, have found a special place in exoplanetary science. As a new class of planetary bodies, these objects have

An extrasolar planetary system with three Neptune-mass planets

Simulations show that the system of three Neptune-mass planets orbiting the nearby star HD 69830 is in a dynamically stable configuration and theoretical calculations favour a mainly rocky composition for both inner planets, while the outer planet probably has a significant gaseous envelope surrounding its rocky/icy core.

Simulation of a Space-based Microlensing Survey for Terrestrial Extrasolar Planets

We show that a space-based gravitational microlensing survey for terrestrial extrasolar planets is feasible in the near future and could provide a nearly complete picture of the properties of

Detecting Earth-Mass Planets with Gravitational Microlensing

We show that Earth-mass planets orbiting stars in the Galactic disk and bulge can be detected by monitoring microlensed stars in the Galactic bulge. The star and its planet act as a binary lens which

Detailed Models of Super-Earths: How Well Can We Infer Bulk Properties?

The field of extrasolar planets has rapidly expanded to include the detection of planets with masses smaller than that of Uranus. Many of these are expected to have little or no hydrogen and helium
...