Belle Époque or Crisis? (1025–1118)

@inproceedings{Angold2009BelleO,
  title={Belle {\'E}poque or Crisis? (1025–1118)},
  author={Michael J Angold},
  year={2009}
}
the eleventh-century question Basil II died in December 1025 after a reign of almost fifty years. He left Byzantium the dominant power of the Balkans and Middle East, with apparently secure frontiers along the Danube, in the Armenian highlands and beyond the Euphrates. Fifty years later Byzantium was struggling for its existence. All its frontiers were breached. Its Anatolian heartland was being settled by Turkish nomads; its Danubian provinces were occupied by another nomad people, the… 
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