Belle Époque or Crisis? (1025–1118)

  title={Belle {\'E}poque or Crisis? (1025–1118)},
  author={Michael J Angold},
the eleventh-century question Basil II died in December 1025 after a reign of almost fifty years. He left Byzantium the dominant power of the Balkans and Middle East, with apparently secure frontiers along the Danube, in the Armenian highlands and beyond the Euphrates. Fifty years later Byzantium was struggling for its existence. All its frontiers were breached. Its Anatolian heartland was being settled by Turkish nomads; its Danubian provinces were occupied by another nomad people, the… 
Usurper narratives and power: pretexts, legacies, and aspects of legitimation in Byzantium (963-1204)
The period 963-1204 was marked by periods of dynastic instability made possible by the inherent contradictions in the Byzantine political system. Usurpation was considered an ignominious route to
The Family Strategy for Purple – Comparing the Methods of Andronikos I and Alexios I Komnenos of Constructing Imperial Power
In this paper I would like to concentrate on strategies and methods that were guiding Alexios I and Andronikos I of the Komnenos dynasty during the process of gaining and consolidating their power in
The Economic Centrality of Urban Centers in the Medieval Peloponnese: Late 11th–Mid-14th Centuries
The Peloponnese, a province of the Byzantine Empire in the 11th and 12th centuries, was divided into three distinct political entities after 1204: the Frankish Principality of Achaia, the Venetian
The Collapse of the Eastern Mediterranean: Climate Change and the Decline of the East, 950–1072
Part I. The Collapse of the Eastern Mediterranean: 1. Presenting the events 2. Deconstructing a 'collapse' 3. 950-1027 - an impending disaster Part II. Regional Domino Effects in the Eastern
Politics as Exchange in the Byzantine Empire
Buchanan (1987) identifies Politics as Exchange as one of the key pillars of research program. Viewing politics through the lens of exchange focuses attention on what sorts of political bargains


Byzantium and the Papacy in the Eleventh Century
  • D. Nicol
  • History
    The Journal of Ecclesiastical History
  • 1962
At the beginning of the eleventh century the Byzantine empire was at the height of its glory. The emperor Basil II, who died in 1025 after a reign of nearly fifty years, completed and consolidated
Byzantine ‘Nationalism’ and the Nicaean Empire
  • M. Angold
  • History
    Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies
  • 1975
The fall of Constantinople on the night of 13 April 1204 to the Venetians and the soldiers of the fourth crusade is taken as the crucial turning point of the history of the later Byzantine Empire.
The empire in Syria, 705–763
Syria is usually where empires end, not where they begin. Like its Seleucid ancestor, the Marwanid experiment in Syria showed that a far-flung Middle Eastern empire was still possible without Iraq or
The Reign of Heraclius (610-641): Crisis and Confrontation
This volume includes the thirteen papers which were presented during the workshop The Reign of Heraclius: Crisis and Confrontation, which took place from 19 to 21 April 2001 at the University of
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The reign of Basil II (976-1025)is widely accepted as the high point of medieval Byzantium. When the emperor died, imperial frontiers were at their most far-flung since the seventh century. Yet
Palestine under the Arabs 650-750: the Crucible of Byzantine Orthodoxy
  • A. Louth
  • History
    Studies in Church History
  • 2000
The period from the beginning of the seventh century to the middle of the ninth was decisive for the history of the Byzantine empire. At the beginning of the seventh century, the idea of the Roman,
Heraclius' Persian Campaigns and the Revival of the East Roman Empire, 622-630
The East Roman empire seemed doomed to destruction in the winter of 621/2.1 From the outbreak of war in 603, the armies of the Sasanian Shah Khusro II had advanced slowly but remorselessly into the
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In 305 B.C. Demetrius I Poliorcetes of Macedonia (r. 321–283), pursuing his ambition of reuniting the empire of Alexander, marched against the island city of Rhodes, which since the partition of
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The triumph of the First Crusade (1095-1099) led to the establishment of a Latin Christian community in the Levant. Remarkably, despite growing pressure from the neighbouring Muslim powers, and the
The Expansion of Orthodox Europe : Byzantium, the Balkans and Russia
Contents: Introduction Part 1 The Buoyancy of Byzantium Before 1204: Its Manifest Destiny and Many Frontiers: God and the 'family of princes' presided over by the Byzantine emperor, AndrA(c) Grabar