Belief in a Just World and Social Perception: Evidence for Automatic Activation

  title={Belief in a Just World and Social Perception: Evidence for Automatic Activation},
  author={John D. Murray and Jo Ann Spadafore and William D. McIntosh},
  journal={The Journal of Social Psychology},
  pages={35 - 48}
The authors tested the hypothesis that beliefs in a just world are automatically activated and used in social perception. Under the guise of a perceptual vigilance task, the authors exposed 34 undergraduate women preconsciously to words that were either rape-related or neutral. Immediately after the exposure, participants read a date scenario that was ambiguous with respect to the man's aggressiveness and the extent to which the woman was responsible for the man's behavior. Afterwards, all… 
The effects of visual priming on information processing in child sexual offenders
Abstract Child sexual offenders are hypothesized to hold offence-supportive beliefs that set them apart from others. The current study seeks support for this view via a cognitive-experimental
Not All Victims Matter”: Belief in a Just World, Intergroup Relations and Victim Blaming
The present research investigated the process of victim blaming in the context of intergroup relations through the just world hypothesis. In two studies we tested the infl uence of the victim’s
System justification, work ethic, and just-world beliefs: A motivated reasoning perspective
This document summarizes my program of research that utilized a motivated reasoning perspective to examine factors that contribute to prejudice, discrimination and victim blame. After briefly
Implicit deservingness: Implicit association test for belief in a just world
The present research aimed to develop and produce evidence of the validity of an Implicit Association Test (IAT) for BJW. Two studies were developed to achieve this objective. Study 1 tested the
Cultural Differences of the Belief in A Just World
Cultural differences are hardly concerned in the field of belief in a just world. However, this topic also has theoretical significance and practical values. In this paper, the cultural differences
Bolstering system-justifying beliefs in response to social exclusion
Integrating research on social exclusion with the broader literature on system justification and flexible responses to threats, we propose a novel coping strategy that individuals may use in the face
Do people with mental illness deserve what they get? Links between meritocratic worldviews and implicit versus explicit stigma
A consistent positive link between endorsing the Protestant ethic and stigmatizing self-reported attitudes in both groups is found, and public anti-stigma campaigns and initiatives to reduce self-Stigma among people with mental illness should take worldviews into account.
Reciprocity and the belief in a just world
Psychological Constraints on Egalitarianism: The Challenge of Just World Beliefs
Debates over egalitarianism for the most part are not concerned with constraints on achieving an egalitarian society, beyond discussions of the deficiencies of egalitarian theory itself. This paper
Attractiveness Stereotype, Severity of Illness, and Perceptions of a Child Target: Does Cancer Induce Unique Attributional Judgments?
Given that previous research provides conflicting evidence regarding perceptions of a target with cancer, the current study aimed to identify whether severity of this illness drives perceptions or if


Automatic information processing and social perception: The influence of trait information presented outside of conscious awareness on impression formation.
The accessibility of a category in memory has been shown to influence the selection and interpretation of social information. The present experiment examined the possibility that information relevant
What was noted by E. J. hanger (1978) remains true today: that much of contemporary psychological research is based on the assumption that people are consciously and systematically processing
Who believes in a just world
Research with the Just World Scale has indicated that many people believe that the world is a place where good people are rewarded and bad people are punished. Believers in a just world have been
Automaticity of social behavior: direct effects of trait construct and stereotype-activation on action.
Experiment 1 showed that participants whose concept of rudeness was printed interrupted the experimenter more quickly and frequently than did participants primed with polite-related stimuli, consistent with the content of that stereotype.
Belief in a just world: Review and critique of the individual difference literature.
This article attempts a critical review of the literature on self-reported just world beliefs a decade after the last major review. The main focus of the review is on the relationship between
When are social judgments made? Evidence for the spontaneousness of trait inferences.
The results of two recall experiments indicate that subjects unintentionally made trait inferences at encoding, which suggests that attributions may be made spontaneously, as part of the routine comprehension of social events.
The trouble of thinking: Activation and application of stereotypic beliefs.
Two studies investigated the effects of cognitive busyness on the activation and application of stereotypes. In Experiment 1, not-busy subjects who were exposed to an Asian target showed evidence of
Stereotypes and prejudice: Their automatic and controlled components.
University of Wisconsin--Madis on Three studies tested basic assumptions derived from a theoretical model based on the dissociation ofantomatic and controlled processes involved in prejudice. Study I
Category and stereotype activation: Is prejudice inevitable?
Three experiments tested the hypothesis that people high and low in prejudice respond similarly to direct stereotype activation but differently to category activation. Study 1 (N=40) showed that
Automatic Activation of Stereotypes: The Role of Self-Image Threat
Does self-image threatening feedback make perceivers more likely to activate stereotypes when confronted by members of a minority group? Participants in Study 1 saw an Asian American or European