Belief in a Just World and Depression

  title={Belief in a Just World and Depression},
  author={Christian S Ritter and D. E. Benson and Clint Synder},
  journal={Sociological Perspectives},
  pages={235 - 252}
This paper explores the relationship between a belief in a just world and depression. Building on the work of Pearlin, Lieberman, Menaghan, and Mullan (1981), we investigate the role that a belief in a just world might play in the relationship between chronic stressors and depression. Using a random sample of noninstitutionalized adult residents (N = 283) of Northern Ireland, we find that a belief in a just world and a sense of mastery are independent cognitive structures, and that a belief in… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Two spheres of belief in justice: extensive support for the bidimensional model of belief in a just world.
It was demonstrated that belief in a just world for the Self (and not for Others) was correlated to evaluations of the meaning of life, and this confirms the importance of the conceptual and psychometric distinction between these two spheres of the belief inA just world.
Belief in a Just World, Well-Being, and Coping with an Unjust Fate
People ordinarily operate on the basis of unquestioned assumptions about the self, the world and the future. These cognitive schemata describe the benign world or optimism about the future, the
The Importance of Distinguishing the Belief in a Just World for Self Versus for Others: Implications for Psychological Well-Being
Studies have shown that the belief in a just world (BJW) is related to psychological well-being. The authors suggest that studies exploring this relationship might benefit by making the distinction
“We get what we deserve”: the belief in a just world and its health consequences for Blacks
Findings suggest that Blacks who believe that the world is a just place where they get what they deserve may be at a particularly higher risk for the negative health consequences of discrimination.
The belief in a just world and distress at school
This article investigates the relationship between the belief in a just world (BJW) and distress at school. On the basis of just world theory, the authors argue that strong student BJW should be
Mediators of the Relation Between Beliefs in a Just World and Emotional Responses to Negative Outcomes
Research shows that strong believers in a just world respond with less negative and more positive emotion to their own negative outcomes than do weak believers. The present study investigated
Conservative orientation as a determinant of hopelessness.
Causal modeling of data obtained from 1st-year college students supports the hypotheses, showing that a student's hopelessness relates to his or her conservative orientation, even when self-esteem is controlled.


Belief in a Just World, Job Loss, and Depression
Abstract This paper assesses the relationships among three variables: the degree to which individuals believe the world to be just; job loss; and depressive symptomatology. Using self-consistency and
Seeing justice in poverty: The belief in a just world and ideas about inequalities (1)
The aim of this research was to empirically link the belief in a just world to a variety of ideas about social inequalities. Drawing from cognitive dissonance theory, it was argued that adherents of
The Belief in a Just World
The “belief in a just world” refers to those more or less articulated assumptions which underlie the way people orient themselves to their environment. These assumptions have a functional component
Who believes in a just world
Research with the Just World Scale has indicated that many people believe that the world is a place where good people are rewarded and bad people are punished. Believers in a just world have been
The sociogenesis of psychological disorder: an attributional theory.
  • B. Wheaton
  • Psychology
    Journal of health and social behavior
  • 1980
Comparisons of two contrasting versions of the attributional model show that a simple, linear interpretation of the intervening effects offatalism may be the most adequate and suggestions for elaborations of the basic theory are made.
The structure of coping.
Results indicate that individuals' coping interventions are most effective when dealing with problems within the close interpersonal role areas of marriage and child-rearing and least effective when deals with the more impersonal problems found in occupation.
Class, Family, and Schizophrenia: A Reformulation
The proposed formulation attempts to bring genetics, stress, and the conditions of life attendant on social-class position into one coherent interpretation of schizophrenia. The thrust of the
Hardship and depression.
It is argued that successfulfulfillment of husbands' and wives' role obligations in the household affects psychological well-being, and that economic hardship is increased by low income, low education, being young, and having young children.
Dimensions of the I-E Scale and their Relationship to Other Personality Measures
The 46 alternatives in the original 23-item forced-choice format of the I-E scale were administered in a Likert agree-disagree format. The intercorrelations of the 46 alternatives were subjected to a
The stress process.
This study takes involuntary job disruptions as illustrating life events and shows how they adversely affect enduring role strains, economic strains in particular, which erode positive concepts of self, such as self-esteem and mastery.