Beholding Inequality: Race, Gender, and Returns to Physical Attractiveness in the United States1

  title={Beholding Inequality: Race, Gender, and Returns to Physical Attractiveness in the United States1},
  author={Ellis P. Monk and Michael H. Esposito and Hedwig Lee},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  pages={194 - 241}
Physical attractiveness is an important axis of social stratification associated with educational attainment, marital patterns, earnings, and more. Still, relative to ethnoracial and gender stratification, physical attractiveness is relatively understudied. In particular, little is known about whether returns to physical attractiveness vary by race or significantly vary by race and gender combined. In this study, we use nationally representative data to examine whether (1) socially perceived… 
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