Behavioural and fitness consequences of direct and indirect non-lethal disturbances in a catch-and-release northern pike ( Esox lucius ) fishery

@inproceedings{Klefoth2011BehaviouralAF,
  title={Behavioural and fitness consequences of direct and indirect non-lethal disturbances in a catch-and-release northern pike ( Esox lucius ) fishery},
  author={Thomas Klefoth and Alexander Kobler and Robert Arlinghaus},
  year={2011}
}
Key-words: angling, disturbance, fitness, telemetry, Esox lucius In a catch-and-release recreational fishery fish populations can be impacted by lethal and sub-lethal effects. In terms of sub-lethal effects anglers may directly (catch-and-release) and/or indirectly (angling-related disturbances, e.g. boating) influence the behaviour, growth and fitness of the fish. We quantified the long-term behavioural response of northern pike Esox lucius to angler-induced direct and indirect disturbances… CONTINUE READING
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