Behavioural and environmental correlates of Philophthalmus zalophi infections and their impact on survival in juvenile Galapagos sea lions

@article{Meise2015BehaviouralAE,
  title={Behavioural and environmental correlates of Philophthalmus zalophi infections and their impact on survival in juvenile Galapagos sea lions},
  author={Kristine Meise and Carolina Garc{\'i}a-Parra},
  journal={Marine Biology},
  year={2015},
  volume={162},
  pages={2107-2117}
}
Parasitic infections can play a major role in the dynamics of animal populations by influencing the development and survival of juveniles. Understanding how intrinsic and extrinsic factors shape individual parasitisation and affect long-term consequences of infections is therefore of prime importance for conservation management. Galapagos sea lions (Zalophus wollebaeki) provide a good model system to assess the impact of environmental and behavioural differences on parasitisation. Their… 

EVALUATION OF THE OPHTHALMIC DISEASE AND HISTOPATHOLOGIC EFFECTS DUE TO THE OCULAR TREMATODE PHILOPHTHALMUS ZALOPHI ON JUVENILE GALAPAGOS SEA LIONS (ZALOPHUS WOLLEBAEKI)

TLDR
The histopathologic changes and gross lesions were likely due to the parasite's attachment to the conjunctiva, and further research is warranted to detail the life cycle of this parasite, transmission to sea lions, and potential treatment protocols.

Evaluating the Possibility of Transfusion Medicine, Through Crossmatching in Juvenile Galapagos Sea Lions (Zalophus wollebaeki)

TLDR
A small percentage of agglutination reactions suggests a small proportion of naturally occurring alloantibodies in this species and may be consistent with a low risk of acute immune-mediated hemolytic transfusion reaction.

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