Behavioral response of solitary fathead minnows,Pimephales promelas, to alarm substance

@article{Lawrence1989BehavioralRO,
  title={Behavioral response of solitary fathead minnows,Pimephales promelas, to alarm substance},
  author={Bryan J. Lawrence and Robert F. Smith},
  journal={Journal of Chemical Ecology},
  year={1989},
  volume={15},
  pages={209-219}
}
Single fathead minnows,Pimephales promelas, were exposed to a range of concentrations of conspecific skin extract. Their responses were observed qualitatively and quantified by a computer linked to an activity meter. The response of fathead minnows to skin extract is complex, involving at least three separate types of behavior. The minnows responded over a 1000-fold range of extract concentrations with combinations of dashing, freezing, slowing, and exploring. The latency of the response… CONTINUE READING
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