Behavioral Counseling and Pharmacotherapy Interventions for Tobacco Cessation in Adults, Including Pregnant Women: A Review of Reviews for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

@article{Patnode2015BehavioralCA,
  title={Behavioral Counseling and Pharmacotherapy Interventions for Tobacco Cessation in Adults, Including Pregnant Women: A Review of Reviews for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force},
  author={Carrie D. Patnode and Jillian T. Henderson and Jamie H. Thompson and Caitlyn A. Senger and Stephen P. Fortmann and Evelyn P. Whitlock},
  journal={Annals of Internal Medicine},
  year={2015},
  volume={163},
  pages={608-621}
}
Cigarette smoking and exposure to smoke result in more than 480000 premature deaths in the United States every year, along with substantial illness (1, 2). Despite considerable progress in tobacco control over the past 50 years, in 2013, an estimated 17.8% of U.S. adults (3) and 15.9% of pregnant women aged 15 to 44 years were current cigarette smokers (4). Many tools are available to help smokers quit, including counseling by health care providers, telephone- and print-based interventions… 
Behavioral and Pharmacotherapy Interventions for Tobacco Smoking Cessation in Adults, Including Pregnant Women: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement.
  • A. Siu
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Annals of internal medicine
  • 2015
TLDR
The current evidence is insufficient to recommend electronic nicotine delivery systems for tobacco cessation in adults, including pregnant women, and the USPSTF recommends that clinicians direct patients who smoke tobacco to other cessation interventions with established effectiveness and safety.
Going Slow May Not Be Best When Quitting Smoking
TLDR
It is suggested that gradual cessation may be inferior to abrupt cessation in this trial because fewer patients in the gradual-cessation group returned for the prequit visit and completed a quit attempt than those in the abrupt-cessations group, and these findings are supported by population data.
Interventions for Tobacco Cessation in Adults, Including Pregnant Persons: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force.
TLDR
There is strong evidence that a range of pharmacologic and behavioral interventions, both individually and in combination, are effective in increasing smoking cessation in nonpregnant adults and in pregnancy.
Quitting Smoking Among Adults - United States, 2000-2015.
TLDR
During 2000-2015, increases occurred in the proportion of smokers who reported a past-year quit attempt, recently quit smoking, were advised to quit by a health professional, and used cessation counseling and/or medication (p<0.05).
Behavioral and Pharmacotherapy Interventions for Tobacco Smoking Cessation in Adults, Including Pregnant Women: Recommendation Statement.
  • Medicine
    American family physician
  • 2016
TLDR
The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of pharmacotherapy interventions for tobacco cessation in pregnant women.
An update on the pharmacotherapeutic interventions for smoking cessation
TLDR
A clear understanding of appropriate dosing, regimen, technique, disadvantages, advantages, warnings/precautions, and contraindications for available pharmacotherapeutic options is essential in helping patients quit smoking.
Tobacco Harms, Nicotine Pharmacology, and Pharmacologic Tobacco Cessation Interventions for Women Symbol
TLDR
The US Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) 2015 guideline recommends pharmacologic therapy for all nonpregnant persons who smoke in addition to behavioral counseling, andAlternative tobacco cessation options and potential new pharmacologic tobacco cessation agents are discussed.
Are electronic nicotine delivery systems helping cigarette smokers quit? Evidence from a prospective cohort study of U.S. adult smokers, 2015–2016
TLDR
It is found that ENDS use, within context of the 2015–2016 US regulatory and tobacco/vaping market landscape, helped adult smokers quit at rates higher than smokers who did not use these products.
Health Benefits and Cost-Effectiveness of Brief Clinician Tobacco Counseling for Youth and Adults
TLDR
The lifetime health and economic value of annually Counseling youth to discourage smoking initiation and of annually counseling adults to encourage cessation are assessed to help clinicians and care systems determine the priority for tobacco counseling in busy clinic schedules.
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