Beetle pollination of peacock moraeas (Iridaceae) in South Africa

@article{Steiner2004BeetlePO,
  title={Beetle pollination of peacock moraeas (Iridaceae) in South Africa},
  author={Kim E. Steiner},
  journal={Plant Systematics and Evolution},
  year={2004},
  volume={209},
  pages={47-65}
}
  • K. Steiner
  • Published 1 March 1998
  • Environmental Science
  • Plant Systematics and Evolution
The peacock moraeas are South African geophytes withIris-like flowers that are characterized by broad outer tepals with iridescent spots. Three of the seven species were studied and found to be exclusively visited and pollinated by beetles. The primary pollinators were hopliine (Scarabaeidae) beetles in the generaPeritrichia, Monochelus, Anisonyx andAnisochelus. These beetles visit flowers for nectar, pollen and mating.Peritrichia rufotibialis was the primary pollinator ofMoraea villosa, P… 
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Convergent evolution and adaptive radiation of beetle-pollinated angiosperms
  • P. Bernhardt
  • Environmental Science
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  • 2004
TLDR
The floras of Australia and western North America suggest that mutualistic interactions between beetles and flowers has been a continuous and labile trend in angiosperms with novel interactions evolving through the Tertiary.
Comparative morphology of the mouthparts of the megadiverse South African monkey beetles (Scarabaeidae: Hopliini): feeding adaptations and guild structure
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