Bees as crop pollinators and the role of solitary species in changing environments

  title={Bees as crop pollinators and the role of solitary species in changing environments},
  author={Phillip F. Torchio},

Parasitization of a wild and reared population of the solitary bee Osmia cornuta Latr. by the parasitoid Anthrax anthrax Schrank (Diptera, Bombyliidae): comparison between two types of artificial nest

Results showed that in both investigated areas, the wild and reared population were parasitized by the bombylid dipteran Anthrax anthrax Schrank, and parasitization of O. cornuta was found to be greater in assembled (AATN) compared to reed nests.

Developing and establishing bee species as crop pollinators: the example of Osmia spp. (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) and fruit trees

The development of a bee species as a new crop pollinator starts with the identification of a pollination-limited crop production deficit and the selection of one or more candidate pollinator species, and culminates with the delivery of a viable system to manage and sustain the new pollinator on a commercial scale.

Towards a sustainable management of bees of the subgenus Osmia (Megachilidae; Osmia) as fruit tree pollinators

These factors include nesting material, release methods, and control of antagonists as well as methods optimising management of developmental stages to synchronize bee activity with orchard bloom and to minimize developmental mortality.

The nesting behaviour of the mason bee Osmia cornuta (Latr) with special reference to its pollinating potential (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae)

On a etudie le comportement de nidification d'Osmia cornuta sur des populations introduites dans des vergers d'amandiers. Le temps passe par les femelles a l'interieur et a l'exterieur du nid a ete

Climate-induced phenological shift of apple trees has diverse effects on pollinators, herbivores and natural enemies

Novel results on the role of biodiversity and specialization in plant-insect mismatch situations are indicated, confirming the expectation that more specialized interactions are more vulnerable to phenological mismatch.

Bee-Rustling on the Range: Trap-Nesting for Pollinators on Public Lands

It is argued that unauthorized trap-nesting on public lands should be prohibited and several proposals to legalize commercial trap- nesting at a reduced level are offered.

Effect of Temperature Treatment during Development of Osmia rufa L., on Mortality, Emergence and Longevity of Adults

Bees developing at constant temperatures emerged faster during spring incubation in comparison to those developing in natural conditions, and Constant developmental temperatures decreased the survival rate of females as post-emergence adult insects.

Effectiveness of the alfalfa leafcutter bee Megachile rotundata Fab. to pollinate perennial clovers

The alfalfa leafcutter bee can be recommended as an effective pollinator of alsike clover, red clover and white clover , increasing the options available to seed growers and leaf cutter beekeepers regarding choice of pollinator.

Relationships between wild bees, hoverflies and pollination success in apple orchards with different landscape contexts

It is found that pollination success of apple was significantly related to the species richness of wild bees, regardless of the dominance of honey bees, and the maintenance of semi‐natural habitats within 500 m around apple orchards is highly recommended to enhance wild pollinator communities and apple production.