Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) That Drink Human Tears

@inproceedings{Bnziger2009BeesA,
  title={Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) That Drink Human Tears},
  author={Hans B{\"a}nziger and Somnuk Boongird and Prachaval Sukumalanand and S{\"a}ngdao B{\"a}nziger},
  year={2009}
}
Abstract Lisotrigona cacciae, L. furva and Pariotrigona klossi (Meliponini, Apidae) workers drank lachrymation (tears) from human eyes in more than 262 naturally-occurred cases at 10 sites in N and S Thailand during all months of the year. A few visits were also seen to eyes of zebu and dog, indicating a probable broad mammalian host range. On man the bees were relatively gentle visitors, mostly landing on the lower eyelashes from where they imbibed tears for 0.5–2.5 min, often singly but… 

Lachryphagy by cockroaches: reptile tears to increase reproductive output?

TLDR
Tear-feeding by a cockroach, a species lacking a proboscis, on a small squamate species, Anolis fuscoauratus is reported, and demonstrates that lachryphagy on reptilian hosts is not restricted to diurnal occurrence, suggesting that similar interactions could be far more frequent.

A new genus of minute stingless bees from Southeast Asia (Hymenoptera, Apidae)

TLDR
Ebaiotrigonacarpenteri could not be confirmed as lachryphagous as is well documented from the tear-drinking species of Lisotrigona and Pariotrigona Moure, and it is possible that Ebaiot Briggs is the extant sister group of Austroplebeia, but this requires confirmation by future phylogenetic analyses.

Systematic melittology: where to from here?

TLDR
Bees are of such considerable biological interest and importance that melittological systematics has been enriched further by an organic synthesis with diverse and voluminous investigations into their behaviour, ecology and almost any conceivable aspect of their biology.

Drosophilidae feeding on animals and the inherent mystery of their parasitism

TLDR
An opinion on the roots of their evolution towards the parasitic behaviour is provided and the distribution of T. callipaeda and its host affiliation is discussed and future trends in the study of the ecology of Steganinae are outlined.

Nest Architecture, Immature Stages, and Ethnoentomology of a New Species of Trigonisca from Northern Colombia (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

TLDR
Biological and systematic data are presented for a new species of Trigonisca Moure, from the arid region of La Guajira, Colombia, and the internal architecture of nests of T. mepecheu, which were found in trunks of Stenocereus griseus (Haw.) Buxb.

Notes on Southeast Asian Stingless Bees of the Genus Tetragonula (Hymenoptera: Apidae), with the Description of a New Species from Thailand

TLDR
A new species of stingless bee (Apinae: Meliponini) is described from workers and two males recovered from nests in tree trunks in Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand, which lacks a defined black stripe on the underside of the metafemur.

Obtaining a better taxonomic understanding of native bees: where do we start?

TLDR
There are more than 20 000 bee species worldwide, many of them vital pollinators of both native and cultivated plants, and a better taxonomic understanding is needed to assess the status of pollinators and pollination services.

Arthropods affecting the human eye.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 77 REFERENCES

Human Thelaziosis—A Neglected Parasitic Disease of the Eye

TLDR
In humans, the disease can be subclinical or symptomatic, exhibiting epiphora, conjunctivitis, keratitis, excessive lachrymation, corneal opacity, and/or ulcers, and in humans thelaziosis is considered to be an underestimated parasitic disease.

Mud-puddling behavior in tropical butterflies: in search of proteins or minerals?

TLDR
The strong attraction of male butterflies to nitrogen-rich resources suggests that, as in the case of sodium, these nutrients may increase reproductive success.

Nematode biology and larval development of Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) in the drosophilid intermediate host in Europe and China

TLDR
Evidence is provided that P. variegata and P. okadai act as vectors for T. callipaeda in southern Europe and in China, respectively, to model its dissemination into habitats and environments favourable to Phortica flies.

Puddling in butterflies: sodium affects reproductive success in Thymelicus lineola*

TLDR
Sodium ions are the only known stimulus present which cause males of at least two lepidopteran species to drink for extended periods and could be of considerable importance given that an average egg complement contains >50% of the total body sodium of females at emergence.

The mesmerizing wart: the pollination strategy of epiphytic lady slipper orchid Paphiopedilum villosum (Lindl.) Stein (Orchidaceae)

TLDR
Paphiopedilum villosum was studied in hill evergreen forests in North Thailand between 1990 and 1994, finding ‘kettle-traps’ without known reward, luring mainly by food deception and attraction to mammalian excretions and colour contrast.

Pulsed mass recruitment by a stingless bee, Trigona hyalinata

TLDR
It is shown that a stingless bee, Trigona hyalinata, uses a pulsed mass–recruitment system that is highly focused in time and space, and an ephemeral, polarized, odour trail consisting of mandibular gland secretions is produced.

Morphological and biochemical analysis of the stored and larval food of an obligate necrophagous bee, Trigona hypogea

TLDR
The results show that the larval food of T. hypogea has a higher protein content than the food stored in the pots and that it presents an electrophoretical protein pattern similar to that of the hypopharyngeal gland, indicating that workers add glandular secretions to the larVAL food while provisioning the brood cells.

Foraging behavior of individual workers and foraging dynamics of colonies of three Sumatran stingless bees

TLDR
The foraging behavior of three stingless bees,Trigona (Tetragonula) minangkabau, T. moorei and T. itama, was studied to describe patterns of resource harvest in disturbed forest areas in Sumatra, Indonesia and found that foraging patterns were proportional to colony population size.

Systematics and bionomics of the apoid obligate necrophages: the Trigona hypogea group (Hymenoptera: Apidae; Meliponinae)

TLDR
Facultative necrophagy in Trigona probably became obligate due to preadaptations including massive forager recruitment via pheromone trails; aggressive foraging on carrion exudates; rapid location of novel resources; beneficial microbes in bee glandular secretions that metabolize protein and produce antibiotics; and queen cells and food storage pots of the same size and close proximity.

Resource Specialization in Puddling Lepidoptera

TLDR
The results indicate that lepidopteran species specialize on different puddling substrates, likely obtaining different arrays of nutrients, and suggests that there are species- or family-specific roles for puddle nutrients in the overall nutrient budget of the insects.
...