Bedside application of the Neonatal Facial Coding System in pain assessment of premature neonates.

@article{Grunau1998BedsideAO,
  title={Bedside application of the Neonatal Facial Coding System in pain assessment of premature neonates.},
  author={Ruth E. Grunau and Tim F Oberlander and Liisa Holsti and Michael F. Whitfield},
  journal={Pain},
  year={1998},
  volume={76 3},
  pages={277-86}
}
Assessment of infant pain is a pressing concern, especially within the context of neonatal intensive care where infants may be exposed to prolonged and repeated pain during lengthy hospitalization. In the present study the feasibility of carrying out the complete Neonatal Facial Coding System (NFCS) in real time at bedside, specifically reliability, construct and concurrent validity, was evaluated in a tertiary level Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Heel lance was used as a model of… CONTINUE READING

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