Bedrock incision, rock uplift and threshold hillslopes in the northwestern Himalayas

@article{Burbank1996BedrockIR,
  title={Bedrock incision, rock uplift and threshold hillslopes in the northwestern Himalayas},
  author={Douglas W. Burbank and John Leland and Eric Jameson Fielding and Robert S. Anderson and Nicholas Brozovi{\'c} and M. R. Reid and Chris Duncan},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1996},
  volume={379},
  pages={505-510}
}
The topography of tectonically active mountain ranges reflects a poorly understood competition between bedrock uplift and erosion. Dating of abandoned river-cut surfaces in the northwestern Himalayas reveals that the Indus river incises through the bedrock at extremely high rates (2–12 mm yr-1). In the surrounding mountains, the average angles of hillslopes are steep and essentially independent of erosion rate, suggesting control by a common threshold process. In this rapidly deforming region… 
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