author={Adam Kolb and Glen R. Needham and Kimberly M Neyman and Whitney A. High},
  journal={Dermatologic Therapy},
Cimex lectularius (the “bedbug”) is an insect that feeds nocturnally, taking a requisite blood meal from a sleeping human or other parasitized host. Immunological reactions to bedbug saliva vary, but typically, bites yield erythematous and pruritic papules. The face and distal extremities, areas uncovered by sleeping clothes or blankets, are preferentially involved. Until the late 1990s, bedbug infestations in the United States were declining. Resurgence is attributed to increased travel and… Expand
6 Citations
Mite and Bed Bug Infections.
Patients with suspected bites or skin rashes regularly present to their primary care physician, and proper identification of the mite or bed bug is essential to guide treatment and eradication. Expand
Parasite–bacteria interrelationship
Primary bacterial infections may complicate several parasitic diseases such as visceral leishmaniasis and malaria, due to immunosuppression of the host during parasitic infections. Expand
Detection of target-site and metabolic resistance to pyrethroids in the bed bug Cimex lectularius in Berlin, Germany1
The findings indicate that multiple resistance mechanisms are present in German C. lectularius populations simultaneously, and may be responsible for Knockdown-resistance against pyrethroids in bed bugs in Berlin, Germany. Expand
Cutaneous reactions to bedbug bites.


Bullous allergic hypersensitivity to bed bug bites mediated by IgE against salivary nitrophorin.
The data demonstrate that bullous cimicosis may be the late-phase response of an allergic IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to C. lectularius nitrophorin, and a patient with bullous bite reactions after sequential contact with C. Lectularius over a period of 1 year is described. Expand
Cimex lectularius. What is this insect and how does it affect man?
Cimex lectularius, the common bed bug, is a bloodsucking nocturnal parasite of man. Other hosts for this bug include chickens, bats, and some domestic animals. Cimex feeds by piercing the host withExpand
Arthropods in dermatology.
In general, the diagnosis of arthropod bites and stings is dependent on maintenance of a high index of suspicion and familiarity with theArachnida fauna not only in one's region of practice, but also in the travel regions of one's patients. Expand
Biology of the bed bugs (Cimicidae).
A dual goal in re-examining the extensive literature on this group is to identify issues relevant to pest control, such as dispersal ecology and the recent global spread, and to understand the selective forces that have shaped the unique aspects of this insect's biology. Expand
Attempts to transmit hepatitis B virus to chimpanzees by arthropods.
It is concluded that, while mechanical transmission of HBV is most unlikely after a 10-13-day interval between feedings in bedbugs and tampans, it is still possible that mechanical transmission between humans might occur during interrupted feeds. Expand
Maintenance of a Laboratory Colony of Cimex lectularius (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) Using an Artificial Feeding Technique
In vitro maintenance technique has been used successfully to rear Cimex lectularius by feeding for >2 yr all nymphal stages and adults through parafilm “M” sealing film on different types of blood, and the subsequent egg production of female bedbugs was remarkably high. Expand
Arthropod Bites, Stings, and Infestations: Their Prevention and Treatment
  • P. Honig
  • Medicine
  • Pediatric dermatology
  • 1986
Preventive measures are stressed and therapy is outlined for each entity; the rationale for many of the interventions is discussed and it is not the intent of this paper to cover each subject comprehensively. Expand
Patients with papular urticaria have IgG antibodies to bedbug (Cimex lectularius) antigens
It is concluded that IgG is present against C. lectularius, C. pipiens, and P. irritans in papular urticaria and may contribute to its pathogenesis. Expand
Laboratory evaluations of insecticide product efficacy for control of Cimex lectularius.
Although pyrethroids were effective for controlling laboratory strain bed bugs, there is the potential for significant resistance in field strains and pyrethroid products were not repellent to bed bugs and would not cause bed bugs to scatter or avoid treated surfaces. Expand
Stercorarial Shedding and Transtadial Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus by Common Bed Bugs (Hemiptera: Cimicidae)
The presence of nucleic acids amplified from a conserved core region of the viral genome in bodies and feces of C. lectularius suggests that the HBV virus may be mechanically transmitted in feces or when bugs are crushed, during feeding. Expand