author={Adam Kolb and Glen R. Needham and Kimberly M Neyman and Whitney A. High},
  journal={Dermatologic Therapy},
Cimex lectularius (the “bedbug”) is an insect that feeds nocturnally, taking a requisite blood meal from a sleeping human or other parasitized host. Immunological reactions to bedbug saliva vary, but typically, bites yield erythematous and pruritic papules. The face and distal extremities, areas uncovered by sleeping clothes or blankets, are preferentially involved. Until the late 1990s, bedbug infestations in the United States were declining. Resurgence is attributed to increased travel and… 
6 Citations

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Bed Bug Infestation (Cimex lectularius) as a Public Health Insect in Iran (1995 – 2019)

The current study showed that the prevalence of the common bed bug is mainly focused on the southern, south-western and northern provinces of Iran, which needs further investigation to know its distribution in the country.

Parasite–bacteria interrelationship

Primary bacterial infections may complicate several parasitic diseases such as visceral leishmaniasis and malaria, due to immunosuppression of the host during parasitic infections.

Cutaneous reactions to bedbug bites




Bullous allergic hypersensitivity to bed bug bites mediated by IgE against salivary nitrophorin.

The data demonstrate that bullous cimicosis may be the late-phase response of an allergic IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to C. lectularius nitrophorin, and a patient with bullous bite reactions after sequential contact with C. Lectularius over a period of 1 year is described.

Cimex lectularius. What is this insect and how does it affect man?

Cimex lectularius, the common bed bug, is a bloodsucking nocturnal parasite of man. Other hosts for this bug include chickens, bats, and some domestic animals. Cimex feeds by piercing the host with

Arthropods in dermatology.

Biology of the bed bugs (Cimicidae).

A dual goal in re-examining the extensive literature on this group is to identify issues relevant to pest control, such as dispersal ecology and the recent global spread, and to understand the selective forces that have shaped the unique aspects of this insect's biology.

Attempts to transmit hepatitis B virus to chimpanzees by arthropods.

It is concluded that, while mechanical transmission of HBV is most unlikely after a 10-13-day interval between feedings in bedbugs and tampans, it is still possible that mechanical transmission between humans might occur during interrupted feeds.

Maintenance of a Laboratory Colony of Cimex lectularius (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) Using an Artificial Feeding Technique

In vitro maintenance technique has been used successfully to rear Cimex lectularius by feeding for >2 yr all nymphal stages and adults through parafilm “M” sealing film on different types of blood, and the subsequent egg production of female bedbugs was remarkably high.

Arthropod Bites, Stings, and Infestations: Their Prevention and Treatment

  • P. Honig
  • Medicine
    Pediatric dermatology
  • 1986
Preventive measures are stressed and therapy is outlined for each entity; the rationale for many of the interventions is discussed and it is not the intent of this paper to cover each subject comprehensively.

Patients with papular urticaria have IgG antibodies to bedbug (Cimex lectularius) antigens

It is concluded that IgG is present against C. lectularius, C. pipiens, and P. irritans in papular urticaria and may contribute to its pathogenesis.

Laboratory evaluations of insecticide product efficacy for control of Cimex lectularius.

Although pyrethroids were effective for controlling laboratory strain bed bugs, there is the potential for significant resistance in field strains and pyrethroid products were not repellent to bed bugs and would not cause bed bugs to scatter or avoid treated surfaces.

Stercorarial Shedding and Transtadial Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus by Common Bed Bugs (Hemiptera: Cimicidae)

The presence of nucleic acids amplified from a conserved core region of the viral genome in bodies and feces of C. lectularius suggests that the HBV virus may be mechanically transmitted in feces or when bugs are crushed, during feeding.