Bed sharing, smoking, and alcohol in the sudden infant death syndrome. New Zealand Cot Death Study Group.

  title={Bed sharing, smoking, and alcohol in the sudden infant death syndrome. New Zealand Cot Death Study Group.},
  author={Robert Scragg and Edwin A. Mitchell and Barry J Taylor and Alistair W Stewart and R. P. K. Ford and J. M. D. Thompson and E M Allen and D M O Becroft},
  journal={British Medical Journal},
  pages={1312 - 1318}
OBJECTIVES--To investigate why sharing the bed with an infant is a not consistent risk factor for the sudden infant death syndrome in ethnic subgroups in New Zealand and to see if the risk of sudden infant death associated with this practice is related to other factors, particularly maternal smoking and alcohol consumption. DESIGN--Nationwide case-control study. SETTING--Region of New Zealand with 78% of all births during 1987-90. SUBJECTS--Home interviews were completed with parents of 393 (81… 
Case-control study of sudden infant death syndrome in Scotland, 1992-5
In this study sleeping prone and, to a lesser extent, sleeping on the side increased the risk of the syndrome, so babies should be put down to sleep only on their back and bed sharing with an infant should be discouraged if the mother smokes.
Alcohol as a risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
These findings suggest that caretakers and authorities should be informed that alcohol impairs parental capacity and might be a risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome, and children of alcohol-consuming mothers are much more likely to die from SIDS than are children of non-alcohol- consuming mothers.
Sudden infant death syndrome in New Zealand: are risk scores useful? New Zealand National Cot Death Study Group.
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Seasonal differences in risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome
The aim of this study was to explore whether the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) associated with prone sleeping position and other risk factors varies with season, and whether some factor related to season modifies the effect ofprone sleeping position.
A case-control study of smoking and sudden infant death syndrome in the Scandinavian countries, 1992 to 1995
Stopping smoking or smoking less may be beneficial in reducing the risk of SIDS, and the effect was mainly mediated through maternal smoking in pregnancy during pregnancy.
Parental Smoking and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: A Review of the Evidence
Evidence relating parental smoking to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk in their offspring is reviewed, based on English-language papers covering the period 1966–1996, finding that adjustment for numerous potential confounders very substantially weakened the association between SIDS and parental smoking.
Passive smoking, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and childhood infections
Maternal smoking during pregnancy increases the risk for SIDS in most studies, whereas it appears that maternal smoking only postnatally also leads to an increase in risk, and smoking only by the father appears to increase the risk of SIDS, but this is not seen in all studies.


Breastfeeding and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome.
A substantial association of breastfeeding with a lowered risk for SIDS is shown, which supports the need for more positive promotion and active community support to further enhance the level and length of exclusive breastfeeding.
Ethnic differences in mortality from sudden infant death syndrome in New Zealand.
The high rate of sudden infant death syndrome among Maori infants is based largely on the high prevalence in the Maori population of the major risk factors, not related to ethnicity, probably explain remaining differences between Maori and non-Maori children.
Interaction between bedding and sleeping position in the sudden infant death syndrome: a population based case-control study.
Overheating and the prone position are independently associated with an increased risk of sudden unexpected infant death, particularly in infants aged more than 70 days.
Sudden infant death syndrome: links with infant care practices.
Bangladeshi infants were cared for in a consistently rich sensory environment; Welsh infants, in contrast, were more likely to experience alternating periods of high and low sensory input, which may be one factor that contributes to a higher rate of sudden deaths in white than in Asian infants.
Results from the first year of the New Zealand cot death study.
The preliminary analysis of the first year of the New Zealand cot death study gives the major identified risk factors for SIDS and identifies three risk factors which are potentially amenable to modification.
Four modifiable and other major risk factors for cot death: The New Zealand study
Abstract New Zealand's high mortality rate from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) prompted the development of the New Zealand Cot Death Study. A report of the analysis of the data from the first
Sudden infant death syndrome and postneonatal mortality in immigrants in England and Wales.
An important finding was a low incidence of sudden infant death in infants of Asian origin, paralleled by lower mortality from respiratory causes, and research is needed to identify the causes underlying the differences.
Sleeping arrangements of sudden infant death syndrome victims in the District of Columbia--a preliminary report.
  • J. L. Luke
  • Medicine
    Journal of forensic sciences
  • 1978
The recent decline in the incidence of the SIDS in the District of Columbia has permitted identification of what appears to be two separate groups of cases within the generic SIDS population. While