Bed Bug (Heteroptera: Cimicidae) Attraction to Pitfall Traps Baited with Carbon Dioxide, Heat, and Chemical Lure

  title={Bed Bug (Heteroptera: Cimicidae) Attraction to Pitfall Traps Baited with Carbon Dioxide, Heat, and Chemical Lure},
  author={Changlu Wang and Timothy J. Gibb and Gary W. Bennett and Susan McKnight},
  booktitle={Journal of Economic Entomology},
ABSTRACT Carbon dioxide (CO2), heat, and chemical lure (1-octen-3-ol and L-lactic acid) were tested as attractants for bed bugs, Cimex lectularius L. (Heteroptera: Cimicidae), by using pitfall traps. Both CO2 and heat were attractive to bed bugs. CO2 was significantly more attractive to bed bugs than heat. Traps baited with chemical lure attracted more bed bugs but at a statistically nonsignificant level. In small arena studies (56 by 44 cm), pitfall traps baited with CO2 or heat trapped 79.8… 

Interactions among Carbon Dioxide, Heat, and Chemical Lures in Attracting the Bed Bug, Cimex lectularius L. (Hemiptera: Cimicidae)

A combination of chemical lure and CO2 is essential for designing effective bed bug monitors and the interactions among chemical lure, CO2, and heat are evaluated.

Behavioral Response of the Tropical Bed Bug, Cimex hemipterus (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) to Carbon Dioxide

C. hemipterus are attracted to CO2, and both antennae and mouthparts are important for CO2 perception, according to host-derived olfactory cues.

Rapid killing of bed bugs (Cimex lectularius L.) on surfaces using heat: application to luggage.

Brief exterior heat treatment of luggage is a promising way to reduce the spread of bed bugs being transported on the outer surface of luggage and could be a component of integrated management for this pest.

Short-Range Responses of the Kissing Bug Triatoma rubida (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) to Carbon Dioxide, Moisture, and Artificial Light

Investigations described here demonstrate the experimental power of combining an olfactometer with a video-tracking system for studying insect behavior and Behavioral data gathered from these experiments indicate that T. rubida nymphs orient preferentially to airstreams at either 1600 or 3200 ppm carbon dioxide and prefer relative humidity levels of about 30%, while adults are most attracted to 470 nm light.

Behavior and control of the bed bug, Cimex lectularius l. (hemiptera: cimicidae)

It was showed that virgin females did not produce alarm pheromone as a deterrent for mating, although the sample size was small, and the use of heat with residual insecticides on surfaces over time was evaluated, using both a resistant and susceptible bed bug strain.

Desiccant dust and the use of CO2 gas as a mobility stimulant for bed bugs: a potential control solution?

This study showed that application of desiccant dust in combination with release of CO2 gas to mimic human presence is a promising option for bed bug control.

The Role of Antennae in Heat Detection and Feeding Behavior in the Bed Bug (Hemiptera: Cimicidae)

It is found that the distal tip of the terminal antennal segment is responsible for orientation toward a heat source, suggesting redundancy in sensory cues that drive feeding in bed bugs.

Differential responses to aldehyde pheromone blends in two bed bug species (Heteroptera: Cimicidae)

In both bed bug species, the adults settled preferentially on the olfactometer treatment side when conspecific or heterospecific nymphal aldehyde blends were provided, and potential implications of the finding on bed bug biology and practical pest management are discussed.

Bed Bug (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) Attraction to Human Odors: Validation of a Two-Choice Olfactometer

It is shown that bed bugs can respond and orient towards human odors, independently of all other host cues, and the validated olfactometer should enable rapid and efficient evaluations of bed bug behavioral responses to semiochemicals.


Results demonstrate that alternative management strategies disrupting motheroffspring interactions are possible for bed bug control and suggest that bed bug behavior, especially in response to insecticide treatment, should also be thoroughly evaluated to enhance conventional control practices for C. lectularius in the field.



A carbon dioxide, heat and chemical lure trap for the bedbug, Cimex lectularius

This type of trap, which caught bedbugs in unoccupied apartments with and without furniture, and in an occupied apartment, may have utility in studying the ecology of bedbugs, in detecting bedbug infestations and in reducing numbers of bites by trapping host‐seeking bedbugs.

Studies in Tropisms of the Bed Bug Cimex lectularius L.

The tendency to be in contact with an object, rather than the negative reaction to light, underlies the gregarious habit of the bed bugs as well as their search for places of retreat.

Evaluation of Two Least Toxic Integrated Pest Management Programs for Managing Bed Bugs (Heteroptera: Cimicidae) With Discussion of a Bed Bug Intercepting Device

The interceptors contributed to the IPM program efficacy and were much more effective than visual inspections in estimating bed bug numbers and determining the existence of bed bug infestations.

The response of the blood-sucking bug Triatoma infestans to carbon dioxide and other host odours.

Behavioural responses of Triatoma infestans larvae to carbon dioxide and other odours of vertebrate origin were investigated in a locomotion compensator and a marked synergism was evident when L-lactic acid was combined with a sub-threshold concentration of carbon dioxide.

Orientation behaviour of the blood-sucking bug triatoma infestans to short-chain fatty acids: synergistic effect of L-lactic acid and carbon dioxide.

The role of short-chain fatty acids in the host-seeking behaviour of Triatoma infestans larvae was investigated using a locomotion compensator, resulting in a behavioural response similar in intensity to that induced by a live mouse.

Insecticide Resistance in the Bed Bug: A Factor in the Pest’s Sudden Resurgence?

Evaluations of populations from across the United States indicate that resistance to pyrethroid insecticides is already widespread, and without the development of new tactics for bed bug management, further escalation of this public health problem should be expected.

Traps and Trapping Techniques for Adult Mosquito Control

  • D. Kline
  • Medicine
    Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
  • 2006
ABSTRACT An overview is presented of the recent advancements in research activities conducted to evaluate mosquito traps, insecticide-impregnated targets baited with combinations of attractants, and

Ability of Bed Bug-Detecting Canines to Locate Live Bed Bugs and Viable Bed Bug Eggs

A pseudoscent prepared from pentane extraction of bed bugs was recognized by trained dogs as bed bug scent (100% indication) and could be used to facilitate detector dog training and quality assurance programs.

Bed Bugs in America: A Pest Management Industry Survey

There is a need for a national survey to quantify and the extent of the current bed bug outbreak and to characterize the use of specific chemical and non-chemical pest management practices.

Bed Bugs - Still More Questions Than Answers: A Need for Research and Public Awareness

Despite the great deal of media attention bed bugs are currently receiving, many entomologists are fail to recognize the seriousness of this re-emerging pest as well as the desperate need for both basic and applied bed bug research, as wellAs community outreach efforts aimed at increasing public awareness.