Becoming Wikipedian: transformation of participation in a collaborative online encyclopedia

@inproceedings{Bryant2005BecomingWT,
  title={Becoming Wikipedian: transformation of participation in a collaborative online encyclopedia},
  author={Sue Lacey Bryant and Andrea Forte and Amy Bruckman},
  booktitle={GROUP '05},
  year={2005}
}
Traditional activities change in surprising ways when computer-mediated communication becomes a component of the activity system. [...] Key Method We use ideas from activity theory as a framework to describe our results. Finally, we describe how activity on the Wikipedia stands in striking contrast to traditional publishing and suggests a new paradigm for collaborative systems.Expand
Wikipedia: Access and participation in an open encyclopaedia
TLDR
The research found participation is shaped by different understandings of openness, where it is constructed as either a libertarian ideal where "anyone" is free to edit the encyclopaedia, or as an inclusive concept that enables "everyone" to participate in the platform. Expand
Coordination and beyond: social functions of groups in open content production
TLDR
A study of the English edition of Wikipedia in which a mixed methods approach was used to understand how nested organizational structures called Wiki project support collaboration demonstrates how WikiProjects not only help Wikipedians coordinate tasks and produce articles, but also support community members and small groups of editors in important ways. Expand
Articulations of wikiwork: uncovering valued work in wikipedia through barnstars
TLDR
A content analysis of Wikipedia barnstars reveals a wide range of valued work extending far beyond simple editing to include social support, administrative actions, and types of articulation work. Expand
Technology-mediated contributions: editing behaviors among new wikipedians
TLDR
This study extends prior research on TMSP and Wikipedia by examining in detail the characteristics of the revisions that new contributors make, and focuses on new users who maintain a minimum level of sustained activity during their first six months. Expand
"edit this page": the socio-technological infrastructure of a wikipedia article
TLDR
The social and technological features of a Wikipedia article are examined in order to understand how these features help mediate the activity of fact-building and highlights the need for communication designers to consider the goals and needs of the communities for which they design. Expand
A conversational model to display user activity
The creation of mechanisms to motivate user participation became a necessary strategy for evolution and sustainability of many online systems. Nowadays, most of these mechanisms are based on a formExpand
A conversational model to display user activity
TLDR
The current use of activity displays as incentives for user participation are discussed, and the IntroText, an alternative conversational approach based on the metaphor of introducing someone is presented, which sketches a behavioral portrait of users in a very individual and non-competitive way. Expand
Making peripheral participation legitimate: reader engagement experiments in wikipedia
TLDR
A set of field experiments using the Article Feedback Tool, a system designed to elicit lightweight contributions from Wikipedia's readers, show both qualitatively and quantitatively that peripheral contributors add value to an open collaboration community as long as the cost of identifying low quality contributions remains low. Expand
From mindtools to social mindtools: Collaborative writing with Woven Stories
TLDR
This work uses activity theory as a conceptual framework to define the requirements of social mindtools as awareness of other participants, communication and the ability to edit common objects together and presents the concept of Woven Stories as an example of an effective social mindtool. Expand
Tea and sympathy: crafting positive new user experiences on wikipedia
TLDR
The Teahouse is presented, a pilot project for supporting and socializing new Wikipedia editors, and the importance of intervening early in the editor lifecycle, providing user-friendly tools, creating safe spaces for newcomers, and facilitating positive interactions between newcomers and established community members is highlighted. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 34 REFERENCES
Wikipedia as Participatory Journalism: Reliable Sources? Metrics for evaluating collaborative media as a news resource
  • A. Lih
  • Computer Science, Political Science
  • 2004
TLDR
This study examines the growth of Wikipedia and analyzes the crucial technologies and community policies that have enabled the project to prosper, and establishes a set of metrics based on established encyclopedia taxonomies and analyzed the trends in Wikipedia being used as a source. Expand
Collaborative Authoring on the Web: A Genre Analysis of Online Encyclopedias
  • Will Emigh, S. Herring
  • Computer Science
  • Proceedings of the 38th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
  • 2005
TLDR
A genre analysis of two web-based collaborative authoring environments, Wikipedia and Everything2, shows that the greater the degree of post-production editorial control afforded by the system, the more formal and standardized the language of the collaboratively-authored documents becomes, analogous to that found in traditional print encyclopedias. Expand
Studying cooperation and conflict between authors with history flow visualizations
TLDR
This paper investigates the dynamics of Wikipedia, a prominent, thriving wiki, and focuses on the relevance of authorship, the value of community surveillance in ameliorating antisocial behavior, and how authors with competing perspectives negotiate their differences. Expand
The evolution of internet genres
TLDR
New Internet writing environments differ significantly from print forms and need to understand and experiment with these forms, which allow texts to evolve and change their purpose and audience over time. Expand
Measuring Wikipedia
Wikipedia, an international project that uses Wiki software to collaboratively create an encyclopaedia, is becoming more and more popular. Everyone can directly edit articles and every edit isExpand
Phantom authority, self-selective recruitment and retention of members in virtual communities: The case of Wikipedia
TLDR
An interpretative framework explains the outstanding success of Wikipedia thanks to a novel solution to the problem of graffiti attacks - the submission of undesirable pieces of information, which reduces the transaction cost of erasing graffiti and therefore prevents attackers from posting unwanted contributions. Expand
Computer Networks as Social Networks: Collaborative Work, Telework, and Virtual Community
When computer networks link people as well as machines, they become social networks. Such computer-supported social networks (CSSNs) are becoming important bases of virtual communities,Expand
Identity and deception in the virtual community
Identity plays a key role in virtual communities. In communication, which is the primary activity, knowing the identity of those with whom you communicate is essential for understanding andExpand
Communities of Practice: Learning, Meaning, and Identity
TLDR
Identity in practice, modes of belonging, participation and non-participation, and learning communities: a guide to understanding identity in practice. Expand
The Economies of Online Cooperation: Gifts and Public Goods in Cyberspace
Even a casual trip through cyberspace will turn up evidence of hostility, selfishness, and simple nonsense. Yet the wonder of the Internet is not that there is so much noise, but that there is anyExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...