Beauty Is Mostly in the Eye of the Beholder: Olfactory Versus Visual Cues of Attractiveness

  title={Beauty Is Mostly in the Eye of the Beholder: Olfactory Versus Visual Cues of Attractiveness},
  author={Joshua D Foster},
  journal={The Journal of Social Psychology},
  pages={765 - 774}
  • J. Foster
  • Published 1 December 2008
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Journal of Social Psychology
Olfaction is an important determinant of attractiveness, possibly even more so than vision when judgments are made by women. However, research that directly compares these cues using actual stimuli (e.g., t-shirt odors) is lacking. In this study, 44 women rated the attractiveness of t-shirt odors and facial photographs of 21 men either independently (i.e., first rated t-shirts, then rated photographs) or together (i.e., made overall ratings on the basis of t-shirts and photographs presented… Expand
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Commonly spread opinion that the attractiveness of the face is the „mater of the taste“, or that the “beauty is in the eye of the beholder” has been disrupted by the findings, that the consensusExpand
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  • A. Rikowski, K. Grammer
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 1999
A significant positive correlation between facial attractiveness and sexiness of body odour for female subjects and negative relations between smell and body asymmetry for males only if female odour raters were in the most fertile phase of their menstrual cycle are found. Expand
The scent of symmetry: A human sex pheromone that signals fitness?
Abstract A previous study by the authors showed that the body scent of men who have greater body bilateral symmetry is rated as more attractive by normally ovulating (non-pill-using) women during theExpand
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The present results support recent findings in mice and humans concerning the relation of female preferences in body odor and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) compatibility and can be explained by an evolutionary analysis of sex differences in reproductive strategies. Expand
Sex differences in response to physical and social factors involved in human mate selection The importance of smell for women
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The present study attempted to determine what body parts and functions young adults use in judging physical attractiveness and how these body items are related to different dimensions of body esteem.Expand
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  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 1997
No significant effect was found when tests were tested for an influence of the MHC on odour preferences after the degree of similarity between T–shirt–wearer and smeller was statistically controlled for, which suggests that in study populations the M HC influences body Odour preferences mainly, if not exclusively, by thedegree of similarity or dissimilarity. Expand
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Little is known about the beliefs men and women have about the causes of sexual desire, despite the interpersonal and individual significance of those beliefs. Participants in this study received aExpand
Received December
  • Received December
  • 2006
Gender differences in beliefs about the causes of male and female desire
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  • 1995