Beargrass (Xerophyllum tenax) on the Olympic Peninsula, Washington: Autecology and Population Status

@inproceedings{Shebitz2008BeargrassT,
  title={Beargrass (Xerophyllum tenax) on the Olympic Peninsula, Washington: Autecology and Population Status},
  author={Daniela J. Shebitz and S. Reichard and Wolde Woubneh},
  year={2008}
}
We studied the autecology and population status of beargrass (Xerophyllum tenax (Pursh) Nutt.) on the Olympic Peninsula of Washington State, focusing in the Olympic National Forest (ONF). Objectives were to: (1) define and describe beargrass habitat types in the ONF through an exploratory field study, and (2) determine whether beargrass populations in the ONF have declined where the species was historically present. We found three distinct beargrass habitat types in on the ONF: western low… Expand
Natural and Cultural History of Beargrass (Xerophyllum tenax)
Hummel, Susan; Foltz-Jordan, Sarah; Polasky, Sophia. 2012. Natural and cultural history of beargrass (Xerophyllum tenax). Gen. Tech. Rep. PNWGTR-864. Portland, OR: U.S Department of Agriculture,Expand
Effects of the Light Environment and Stand History on Beargrass (Xerophyllum tenax) Morphology and Demography
TLDR
It is concluded that plants in shaded areas, although of somewhat higher commercial quality, are likely to recover more slowly from foliar harvest, and are less likely to be replaced after mortality. Expand
Ecological and Cultural Significance of Burning Beargrass Habitat on the Olympic Peninsula, Washington
TLDR
Results indicate that fire is a useful tool for enhancing low-elevation beargrass populations in this region. Expand
Biological associates of early-seral pre-forest in the Pacific Northwest
TLDR
It is suggested that naturally structured early-seral pre-forests in the PNW provide key habitat for many species, including obligates and near-obligates, and that future research should seek to refine the understanding of the specific structural and compositional attributes that form the basis of these associations. Expand
Preliminary observations of using smoke-water to increase low-elevation Beargrass Xerophyllum tenax germination
TLDR
It is found that smoke-water can be an effective restoration tool in germinating bear-grass (Xerophyllum tenax (Pursh) Nutt) NutT seeds and supports the use of smoke technology in restoration when the reintroduction of burning is not feasible. Expand
Fire, Charcoal, and the Biogeochemistry of Carbon and Nitrogen in Pacific Northwest Forest Soils
Fire, Charcoal, and the Biogeochemistry of Carbon and Nitrogen in Pacific Northwest Forest Soils Melissa Rose Ann Pingree Chair of the Supervisory Committee: Professor Thomas H. DeLuca School ofExpand
Simulated Indigenous fire stewardship increases the population growth rate of an understorey herb
1. Understanding how plant populations respond to multiple drivers is increasingly critical for biodiversity conservation under global change. Indigenous knowledge can provide guidance forExpand
The influence of fire history on soil nutrients and vegetation cover in mixed-severity fire regime forests of the eastern Olympic Peninsula, Washington, USA
Abstract The rain shadow forests of the Olympic Peninsula exemplify a mixed-severity fire regime class in the midst of a highly productive landscape where spatial heterogeneity of fire severity mayExpand
Fire, leaf harvest, and abiotic factors drive demography of an ecologically and culturally important understory plant
TLDR
Fire is a key driver of beargrass demography and fire interacted with other factors to influence beargRass vital rates, providing evidence that be argrass is fire‐adapted. Expand
People, Plants, and Pollinators: The Conservation of Beargrass Ecosystem Diversity in the Western United States
Biodiversity conservation often focuses on strategies that aim to protect a species from extinction and to preserve its functional role within an ecosystem. In this chapter we adopt a broader view ofExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES
Historic Anthropogenically Maintained Bear Grass Savannas of the Southeastern Olympic Peninsula
This paper documents the existence and character of a little known fire-maintained anthropogenic ecosystem in the southeastern Olympic Peninsula of Washington State, U.S.A. Due to cessation ofExpand
Restoring Indian-Set Fires to Prairie Ecosystems on the Olympic Peninsula
TLDR
This article explores the importance of Pacific Northwest prairie ecosystems to biocultural diversity conservation, details their creation and maintenance through natural and cultural processes, and makes a case for their restoration in Olympic National Park and the surrounding region of the Olympic Peninsula using Native American traditional ecological knowledge and practices. Expand
Plant Species Diversity in Natural and Managed Forests of the Pacific Northwest
TLDR
The early responses of understory communities to forest harvest are described, and how post-harvest practices that alter natural successional processes may influence long- term patterns of diversity and species occurrence are suggested. Expand
Historical Meadow Dynamics in Southwest British Columbia: a Multidisciplinary Analysis
TLDR
The data supported the idea that the meadow had ancient non-human origins and its recent history and current status have resulted from complex interactions among landform, climate, and fire. Expand
THE ROLE OF PRESCRIBED BURNING IN MAINTENANCE OF AN ENDANGERED PLANT SPECIES, LOMATIUM BRADSHAWII
Responses of a federally listed endangered plant species, Lomatium bradshawii, to the use of fire as a management tool for maintaining remnant wetland prairies were evaluated at two public land areasExpand
Weaving Traditional Ecological Knowledge into the Restoration of Basketry Plants
This paper focuses on the benefits of incorporating traditional ecological knowledge into the field of ecological restoration. Case studies on indigenous use of sweetgrass in New York State, U.S.AExpand
Fire, mowing, and hand-removal of woody species in restoring a native wetland prairie in the willamette valley of oregon
TLDR
Overall, no treatment was clearly superior in fulfilling the restoration objectives of reducing the abundance of woody species, reducing or preventing spread of non-native pest species, and increasing or at least maintaining native species’ abundance. Expand
Early Stages of Plant Succession Following Logging and Burning in the Western Cascades of Oregon
TLDR
Relationships between early stages of succession and prelogging plant community were discernible, and areas disturbed by logging but unburned supported a wide variety of both residual and invader species. Expand
A 9000-year fire history from the Oregon Coast Range, based on a high-resolution charcoal study
TLDR
High-resolution analysis of macroscopic charcoal in sediment cores from Little Lake was used to reconstruct the fire history of the last 9000 years, finding increases in allochthonous sedimentation increased the delivery of secondary charcoal to the site. Expand
Yards, corridors, and mosaics: How to burn a boreal forest
Ethnographic studies have established that, until shortly after World War II, Indians in northern Alberta regularly and systematically fired habitats to influence the local distribution and relativeExpand
...
1
2
3
...