Batteries used to Power Implantable Biomedical Devices.


Battery systems have been developed that provide years of service for implantable medical devices. The primary systems utilize lithium metal anodes with cathode systems including iodine, manganese oxide, carbon monofluoride, silver vanadium oxide and hybrid cathodes. Secondary lithium ion batteries have also been developed for medical applications where the batteries are charged while remaining implanted. While the specific performance requirements of the devices vary, some general requirements are common. These include high safety, reliability and volumetric energy density, long service life, and state of discharge indication. Successful development and implementation of these battery types has helped enable implanted biomedical devices and their treatment of human disease.

DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2012.03.057

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@article{Bock2012BatteriesUT, title={Batteries used to Power Implantable Biomedical Devices.}, author={David C Bock and Amy C Marschilok and Kenneth J. Takeuchi and Esther S Takeuchi}, journal={Electrochimica acta}, year={2012}, volume={84} }