Bathymetry of Mariana trench‐arc system and formation of the Challenger Deep as a consequence of weak plate coupling

@article{Gvirtzman2004BathymetryOM,
  title={Bathymetry of Mariana trench‐arc system and formation of the Challenger Deep as a consequence of weak plate coupling},
  author={Zohar Gvirtzman and Robert J. Stern},
  journal={Tectonics},
  year={2004},
  volume={23}
}
The Challenger Deep in the southernmost Mariana Trench (western Pacific Ocean) is the deepest point on the Earth's surface (10,920 m below sea level). Its location within a subduction trench, where one plate bends and descends below another, is not surprising. However, why is it located in the southernmost Mariana Trench and not at its central part, where the rate of subduction is higher, where the lithosphere is the oldest (and densest) on the Earth, and where the subducted lithosphere pulling… 

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