Perceptual and Conceptual Processes in Infancy
- Psychology, Philosophy
It is suggested that we must distinguish 2 types of object categorization in infancy. One is perceptual categorization, which is an automatic part of perceptual processing that computes the…
The Structure of Perceptual Categories
- PsychologyJournal of mathematical psychology
The Genericity Constraint dictates that among all the models on the lattice that apply, the observer should choose the one in which the observed object is generic, which is simply the lowest in the partial order.
Objects, parts, and categories.
- PsychologyJournal of experimental psychology. General
Data is presented showing that the basic level differs qualitatively from other levels in taxonomies of objects and of living things and an explanation for why so many measures converge at that level is presented.
Objects, parts, and categories.
Concepts may be organized into taxonomies varying in inclusiveness or abstraction, such as furniture, table, card table or animal, bird, robin. For taxonomies of common objects and organisms, the…
Category differentiation in object recognition: typicality constraints on the basic category advantage.
- PsychologyJournal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
It is argued that atypical subordinate categories are highly differentiated and should be responded to as fast as basic categories in object recognition, and the results supported this view and ruled out the hypothesis that objects are necessarily identified as members of basic categories before further identification.
Spontaneous Categorization of Natural Objects in Chimpanzees
- Biology, Psychology
This chapter compares the ability of categorization between humans and chimpanzees, which are the closest relative to humans, and discusses the specialization of the categorization ability in humans.
어휘해체(Lexical Decomposition)에 관하여
The basic level of abstraction in a taxonomy is the level at which categories carry the most information, possess the highest cue validity, and are, thus, the most differentiated from one another.
Parts in object concepts: Experiments with artificial categories
- PsychologyMemory & cognition
The experiments revealed that basic-level structure could be found in categories that did not have parts in common, and suggested that parts are neither necessary nor sufficient to form a basic level.
SHOWING 1-10 OF 59 REFERENCES
Family resemblances: Studies in the internal structure of categories
- PsychologyCognitive Psychology
THE CLASSIFICATION OF INSTANCES OF FOUR COMMON CLASS CONCEPTS BY CHILDREN AND ADULTS
Summary. Dispositional views of conceptual thinking suggest the need for a descriptive study of the ways in which normal subjects of various ages classify familiar objects. The sortings and…
The nature and development of early number concepts.
- PsychologyAdvances in child development and behavior
PERCEPTION AND PRODUCTION IN A VISUALLY BASED LANGUAGE *
- LinguisticsAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
The status of sign language in terms of general visual symbolism and, in particular, the relationship between sign language and pantomime is reported and the way signs seem to be encoded and stored is reported, according to results of experiments in the short-term memory paradigm and evidence from slips of the hand.
The quantitative study of shape and pattern perception.
- PsychologyPsychological bulletin
The pre-eminent importance of formal or relational factors in perception has been abundantly demonstrated during some forty years of gestalt psychology, but it seems extraordinary that so little progress has been made toward the systematizing and quantifying of such factors.
Recall of related and unrelated lists by 2-year-olds
Hedges: A study in meaning criteria and the logic of fuzzy concepts
- PhilosophyJ. Philos. Log.
Any attempt to limit truth conditions for natural language sentences to true, false and "nonsense' will distort the natural language concepts by portraying them as having sharply defined rather than fuzzily defined boundaries.