Aged Lymphatic Vessels and Mast Cells in Perilymphatic Tissues
This minireview summarizes an oral presentation given at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases National Institutes of Health workshop "Lymphatics in the Digestive System: Physiology, Health, and Disease" in Bethesda, Maryland on November 3-4, 2009. The concepts of extrinsic and intrinsic pumps, as well as intrinsic and extrinsic flows, are discussed in relation to the lymph transport in mesenteric lymphatic vessels. Age-related alterations in the structure and regulatory mechanisms of lymph flow in mesenteric lymphatic vessels may provide the basis for their diminished ability to work during the periods of increased functional loads in them. The recent development of modern experimental tools provides the opportunity to extend the knowledge on lymph transport function of lymphatic vessels that is absolutely necessary to maintain fluid and macromolecular homeostasis and to provide a transportation route for lipids adsorbed in gut and to immune cells.