Basic Emotions Evoked by Odorants Comparison Between Autonomic Responses and Self-Evaluation

@article{AlaouiIsmali1997BasicEE,
  title={Basic Emotions Evoked by Odorants Comparison Between Autonomic Responses and Self-Evaluation},
  author={O. Alaoui-Isma{\"i}li and Olivier Robin and Hiram Rada and Andr{\'e} Dittmar and E. Vernet-maury},
  journal={Physiology \& Behavior},
  year={1997},
  volume={62},
  pages={713-720}
}
The present study was designed to analyze the relationship between self-report and physiological expression of basic emotions (happiness, surprise, fear, sadness, disgust and anger) in response to odorants. 44 subjects inhaled five odorants: vanillin, menthol, eugenol, methyl methacrylate, and propionic acid. Six autonomic nervous systems (ANS) parameters were simultaneously recorded in real time and without interference: Skin Potential (SP), Skin Resistance (SR), Skin Temperature (ST), Skin… 
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Preliminary information is provided suggesting that autonomic variations in response to olfactory stimuli are probably not modality specific, and may be organized along two main dimensions of pleasantness and arousal, at least for the parameters considered.
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The results suggest that eugenol can be responsible for different emotional states, depending on the unpleasantness of the subjects' dental experience, and seems to confirm the role of odors as elicitors of emotional memories.
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TLDR
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Basic emotions evoked by eugenol odor differ according to the dental experience. A neurovegetative analysis.
TLDR
It is suggested that eugenol can be responsible for different emotional states depending on the subjects' dental experience, and the possible influence of the ambient odor impregnating the dental office, strengthening a negative conditioning toward dental care in some anxious patients.
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Emotional Responses to Pleasant and Unpleasant Oral Flavour Stimuli
The hedonic valence of taste perception plays a crucial role in the control of responses related to feeding behaviour. Taste and olfaction perception can induce autonomic responses, such as heart
Hedonic Olfactory Perception in Depression: Relationship between Self-Evaluation and Autonomic Response
This study aimed to improve the understanding of hedonic perception in depression using the olfactory modality. We evaluated physiological (heart rate measures) and hedonic responses (subjective
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TLDR
Evaluation of the emotional reactivity associated with each primary taste through analysis of the variations of autonomic nervous system parameters found the pleasantly connoted and innate-accepted sweet taste induced the weakest ANS responses whereas the unpleasant connoting tastes induced stronger ANs responses, the innate-rejected bitter taste inducing the strongest ones.
Influence of affective and cognitive judgments on autonomic parameters during inhalation of pleasant and unpleasant odors in humans
TLDR
The results indicate that unpleasant odors provoke heart-rate acceleration during both a smelling task and a pleasantness judgment, but not during a familiarity judgment, suggesting that subjects involuntarily categorize odors by their pleasantness.
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