Baseplate for two-stage cranial mounting of BMI connectors.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Intracortical electrode arrays provide the best spatial and temporal resolution signals for brain-machine interfaces. Wireless technologies are being developed to handle this information capacity, but currently the only means to deliver neural information from the implant to a signal processing unit is by a physical connection starting at a skull-mounted connector. The failure rate of the attachment of these connectors is significant. In this study we report an improvement to the traditional connectors. APPROACH We have designed and applied an intermediary mounting plate that incorporates several features that provide better, more stable fixation to the skull: (1) wide legs allowing distribution of loading forces and distancing the intracranial screws from the skin interface, (2) a thin shelf to allow early osseointegration, (3) a concave interior to accommodate the curvature of the cranium, and (4) two-stage fixation process providing time for osseointegration prior to the application of loading forces from the connector. MAIN RESULTS Six baseplates, over four design iterations, have now been tested in three non-human primates. The baseplates are associated with a substantially lower attachment failure rate. SIGNIFICANCE Our baseplate design improves on the current skull-mounted connectors, leading to better outcomes for subjects and fewer catastrophic failure events that can terminate resource intensive intracortical recording experiments.

DOI: 10.1088/1741-2560/10/3/034001

Cite this paper

@article{McMorland2013BaseplateFT, title={Baseplate for two-stage cranial mounting of BMI connectors.}, author={Angus J. C. McMorland and Meel Velliste}, journal={Journal of neural engineering}, year={2013}, volume={10 3}, pages={034001} }