Baseline brain energy supports the state of consciousness.

  title={Baseline brain energy supports the state of consciousness.},
  author={Robert G. Shulman and Fahmeed Hyder and Douglas L. Rothman},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={106 27},
An individual, human or animal, is defined to be in a conscious state empirically by the behavioral ability to respond meaningfully to stimuli, whereas the loss of consciousness is defined by unresponsiveness. PET measurements of glucose or oxygen consumption show a widespread approximately 45% reduction in cerebral energy consumption with anesthesia-induced loss of consciousness. Because baseline brain energy consumption has been shown by (13)C magnetic resonance spectroscopy to be almost… CONTINUE READING
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