Basal insulin: beyond glycemia.

  title={Basal insulin: beyond glycemia.},
  author={Kevin D. Niswender},
  journal={Postgraduate medicine},
  volume={123 4},
Insulin is a pleiotropic hormone with numerous effects at the cellular, tissue, and organismal levels. Clinicians are familiar with physiological effects of insulin on carbohydrate metabolism, including stimulation of glucose uptake in skeletal muscle and the suppression of glucose production from the liver. Other metabolic effects of insulin include inhibiting the release of free fatty acids from adipose tissue and stimulating the incorporation of amino acids into proteins. Indeed, every organ… CONTINUE READING


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