Both healthy and so called chronic carriers of the virus of poliomyelitis occur in man. Wide diversity of view prevails as to the frequency with which carriage of the virus arises and as to the period of persistence of the virus in the carriers. According to one group of observers (Wickman, 1 and Kling, Pettersson, and Wernstedt 2), healthy and chronic carriers arise numerously during epidemics of poliomyelitis and actually exceed, possibly even many fold, the number of actual cases of the disease. Moreover, the virus may be very persistent in carriers who have recovered from an attack of the disease and be detectable by animal inoculation several months after all the acute symptoms have subsided (Kling, Pettersson, and Wernstedt). However, it should be remarked here that the virus is supposed to undergo gradual deterioration and thus fail in producing typical experimental poliomyelitis, although it is still capable of exciting atypical symptoms and lesions. Another group of experimenters has come to quite opposite conclusions. Thus Flexner and Amoss 8 who employed excised tonsiUar and adenoid tissue for inoculation did not find either the great frequency of occurrence or the long survival of the virus in convalescents implied in the preceding statements. On the contrary, while they found the tonsillar and other tissues infective for monkeys during the early period of the disease in man, they observed no effects, as a rule, from the inoculation of the tissues taken after the acute symptoms had subsided.