• Corpus ID: 153047456

Barriers to the Employment of Welfare Recipients

@inproceedings{Danziger1999BarriersTT,
  title={Barriers to the Employment of Welfare Recipients},
  author={Sandra K. Danziger and Mary E. Corcoran and Sheldon H. Danziger and Colleen M. Heflin and Ariel Kalil and Judith A. Levine and Daniel Rosen and Kristin S. Seefeldt and Kristine A. Siefert and Richard M. Tolman},
  year={1999}
}
Using a new survey of a representative sample of single mothers who were welfare recipients in an urban Michigan county, the authors explore how certain employment barriers, often ignored by previous welfare researchers and policy makers, constrain these single mothers' employability. The results the authors present show that welfare recipients in the sample have unusually high levels of some barriers to work, such as physical and mental health problems, domestic violence, and lack of… 

Tables from this paper

Low-Income Women's Use of Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services
TLDR
It is argued that the success of welfare reform may hinge on low-income women's access to and utilization of appropriate services, and having a co-occurring substance dependence and mental health disorder was significantly associated with receiving treatment.
Barriers to Work Among Recipients of Housing Assistance
This article describes how current and former welfare recipients receiving housing assistance differ from those not receiving assistance on various potential barriers to employment. The authors
The Correlates of Work in a Post-Afdc World: The Results from a Longitudinal State-Level Analysis
Much of the research that has followed welfare reform and new policies such as the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) has focused on identifying the variations in how different states
Maternal work and welfare use and child well-being: Evidence from 6 years of data from the Women's Employment Study
Abstract Using five waves of data from a study of former and current welfare recipients in Michigan, this study examines how the extent of work participation and welfare receipt over the period
The Mental Health Benefits of Work: Do They Apply to Welfare Mothers with a Drinking Problem?
TLDR
It is suggested that women who enter welfare with a drinking problem may not experience the same decline in depression symptoms following employment, and improving the connections between welfare and treatment services for women with alcohol problems may have important implications for their mental health.
The Mental Health Benefits of Work: Do They Apply to Welfare Mothers with a Drinking Problem?
A longstanding tradition of employment-related research has shown the mental health advantages of employment. However, given welfare reform mandates for employment and a welfare population with
Welfare Reform, Employment, and Drug and Alcohol Use Among Low‐Income Women
  • E. Meara
  • Business, Medicine
    Harvard review of psychiatry
  • 2006
TLDR
Future research should describe how specific state welfare policies relate to employment of low‐income women with SUDs, how the well‐being of these women and their children changes with employment, and how welfare and employment interact to affect access to health insurance among this population.
Employment barriers among welfare recipients and applicants with chronically ill children.
TLDR
Logistic regression analyses showed that current and former receipt of welfare, pending welfare application, and high rates of child health care use were predictors of unemployment.
Barriers to Employment for Welfare Recipients
Abstract With the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, there has been an increase in research attention devoted to barriers to workforce
Leaving the Welfare Rolls: The Health and Mental Health Status of Current and Former Welfare Recipients
TLDR
The mail survey findings of 1,634 respondents examining the impact of welfare reform, namely the Work and Gain Economic Self Sufficiency (WAGES) program, in two urban areas of Florida found that current recipients reported significantly lower levels of satisfaction with their leisure opportunities, employment or educational status, financial condition, legal and safety, family's health, and with their overall quality of their lives.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 62 REFERENCES
The Effect of Health on the Work Effort of Single Mothers
Data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation are used to investigate ways in which health influences a single mother's decision whether to work: the direct effect of a woman's health on
Welfare Reform, Substance Use, and Mental Health
TLDR
Logistic regression results indicate that mental and behavioral health problems that are significant barriers to self-sufficiency are increasingly important in this era of time-limited benefits.
Single mothers and welfare.
TLDR
Contrary to popular stereotypes few low-income single mothers are teenagers or second-generation welfare recipients, and recent welfare reforms could force a majority of [poorly] housed mothers and their children into homelessness despite their efforts to find work.
Work and Welfare Among Single Mothers in Poverty
  • K. Harris
  • Sociology
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1993
This article examines the relationship between work and welfare in poor, female-headed families by tracing the process through wich single mothers work their way off welfare. Analysis is based on
The Effects of Violence on Women's Employment
This research is based on the first random survey to address whether women who are experiencing, or who have experienced, domestic violence have lower employment rates than women who have not.
The characteristics and needs of sheltered homeless and low-income housed mothers.
TLDR
Sheltered homeless mothers had fewer economic resources and social supports and higher cumulative rates of violent abuse and assault over their lifespans than their housed counterparts, however, both groups faced extreme adversity that compromised family well-being.
Will employers hire welfare recipients? Recent survey evidence from Michigan
In this paper we present data from a survey of 900 employers in Michigan during 1997. The survey was designed to gauge employer demand for welfare recipients. The results show that, given the
The Effects of Male Violence on Female Employment
TLDR
Although women who experienced male violence were as likely to be currently employed as those who did not, they were more likely to have been unemployed in the past, to suffer from health problems, and to have higher rates of welfare receipt.
Turning job finders into job keepers.
TLDR
Evidence showing that many families cycle back and forth between welfare and work, losing jobs and returning to public assistance while they seek work again is reviewed, recommending policy changes and program approaches that can help families overcome setbacks and stabilize their lives.
Personal and Family Challenges to the Successful Transition From Welfare to Work
This paper answers these questions about the challenges welfare-to-work programs face as more of their Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) caseload becomes subject to work requirements:
...
1
2
3
4
5
...