Barriers to Women Entering the Field of Orthopedic Surgery.

  title={Barriers to Women Entering the Field of Orthopedic Surgery.},
  author={Emily K. Miller and Dawn M Laporte},
  volume={38 9},
The movement toward official academic training for medical professionals in the 12th and 13th centuries led to the exclusion of women from professional health care because they were excluded from universities.1-3 Although women were barred from the practice of surgery, they were able to fill roles as bonesetters. The treatment of musculoskeletal conditions was largely the domain of bonesetters in the centuries before the 1850s. After the advent of anesthesia and antibiotics, the profession of… CONTINUE READING