Bargaining, Nuclear Proliferation, and Interstate Disputes

@article{Gartzke2009BargainingNP,
  title={Bargaining, Nuclear Proliferation, and Interstate Disputes},
  author={Erik Gartzke and Dong-joon Jo},
  journal={Journal of Conflict Resolution},
  year={2009},
  volume={53},
  pages={209 - 233}
}
Contrasting claims about the consequences of nuclear weapons rely on different interpretations about how leaders respond to risk, uncertainty, and the balance of power. Nuclear optimists use deterrence theory to argue that proliferation can promote stability and inhibit the use of force. Pessimists argue that proliferation precipitates nuclear hubris, accident, or anger that heightens the risk of war. It is also possible that nuclear weapons have no net effect on dispute propensity. Since… 

Tables from this paper

Evaluating the Nuclear Peace Hypothesis
Do nuclear weapons reduce the probability of war? This article quantitatively evaluates the nuclear peace hypothesis. The results indicate that the impact of nuclear weapons is more complicated than
The Nuclear Balance and International Conflict
There is reason to believe that the nuclear balance between states is an important determinant of international conflict, but recent international relations scholarship either ignores nuclear weapons
Questioning the Effect of Nuclear Weapons on Conflict
We examine the effect of nuclear weapons on interstate conflict. Using more appropriate methodologies than have previously been used, we find that dyads in which both states possess nuclear weapons
Nuclear balance and the initiation of nuclear crises: Does superiority matter?
The nuclear competition school, an emerging theoretical perspective on the political effect of nuclear weapons, argues that a favorable nuclear balance can significantly reduce one’s expected costs
Unfair fights: Power asymmetry, nascent nuclear capability, and preventive conflict
Scholars have long recognized that imminent shifts in relative power may motivate declining states to initiate conflict. But what conditions exacerbate the risk posed by these anticipated power
Unfair Fights : Power Asymmetry , Nascent Nuclear Capability , and Preventive Conflict
Scholars have long recognized that imminent shifts in relative power may motivate declining states to initiate conflict. But what conditions exacerbate the risk posed by these anticipated power
Spreading Temptation: Proliferation and Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation Agreements
Peaceful nuclear cooperationthe transfer of nuclear technology, materials, or know-how from one state to another for peaceful purposesleads to the spread of nuclear weapons. In particular, countries
Narang International Conflict What Does It Take to Deter ? Regional Power Nuclear Postures and
  • Vipin
  • Political Science
  • 2013
Existing nuclear deterrence scholarship evinces a pervasive ‘‘existential bias,’’ assuming that once a state merely possesses nuclear weapons, it should be able to deter armed conflict. The empirical
A Double Edged Sword: Nuclear Risk and Nuclear Deterrence
The majority of empirical studies of the various effects of nuclear weapons treat these weapons as a binary variable: what matter is only whether or not a particular state at any given time possesses
Nuclear Proliferation and the Use of Nuclear Options
The causes and prevention of nuclear war are critical to human survival but difficult to study empirically, as observations of nuclear war do not actually exist in the real world. The literature on
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 138 REFERENCES
Nuclear Weapons, Deterrence, and Crisis Escalation
The effect of the possession of nuclear weapons on patterns of international conflict is the subject of an extensive but generally impressionistic body of work. Assumptions in this area determine
An Assessment of the Merits of Selective Nuclear Proliferation
We assume that in a conflict between a nation with a nuclear capability and one without, the conflict may become nuclear, while, in a conflict between two nuclear powers, the conflict is unlikely to
Evaluating the Nuclear Peace Hypothesis
Do nuclear weapons reduce the probability of war? This article quantitatively evaluates the nuclear peace hypothesis. The results indicate that the impact of nuclear weapons is more complicated than
The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: A Debate
If the build-up of nuclear weapons was a significant factor in maintaining the "long peace" between the United States and the Soviet Union, will the spread of nuclear weapons beyond these two
The Extended Deterrent Value of Nuclear Weapons
Three questions are addressed in this study: (1) Does a nuclear retaliatory capability contribute to extended deterrence against a nonnuclear power? (2) If so, is the deterrent value of nuclear
Nuclear Myths and Political Realities
Two pervasive beliefs have given nuclear weapons a bad name: that nuclear deterrence is highly problematic, and that a breakdown in deterrence would mean Armageddon. Both beliefs are misguided and
The Spread of Nuclear Weapons and International Conflict
This article evaluates whether the length of time states have nuclear weapons influences their behavior and the behavior of opponents in militarized disputes. Using multiple statistical models and
The Correlates of Nuclear Proliferation
Fears of rogue states, withdrawal of cold war-era security guarantees, a falling technological threshold, and availability to terrorist organizations ensure that nuclear weapons proliferation remains
Military Buildups, War, and Realpolitik
This article examines the role of mutual military buildups in dispute escalation to war. It is argued that the effect of the pervasive realist culture in the modern state system is to affect policy
Determinants of Nuclear Weapons Proliferation
Nuclear weapons proliferation is a topic of intense interest and concern among both academics and policy makers. Diverse opinions exist about the determinants of proliferation and the policy options
...
...