Barcode Empires: Politics, Digital Technology, and Comparative Retail Firm Strategies

@article{Watson2011BarcodeEP,
  title={Barcode Empires: Politics, Digital Technology, and Comparative Retail Firm Strategies},
  author={Bartholomew C. Watson},
  journal={Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade},
  year={2011},
  volume={11},
  pages={309-324}
}
Like other service sectors, information technology has dramatically altered the growth and character of the retail trade sector in the affluent economies. Nevertheless, significant variation exists in the typical strategies of retail firms in different countries. This article explores this variation and proposes an explanation for why retailers achieved scale and solved their make, buy, and partner decisions along such different trajectories. It argues that national bases for scale retailing… Expand

Tables from this paper

Value Capture and Policy Design in a Digital Economy
Pervasive information and communication technology (ICT), intertwined with global dispersion of supply chains, is inducing a sizable structural transformation. All the articles in this special issueExpand
Information standards in retailing? A review and future outlook
ABSTRACT As a result of the ongoing digitalization of retailing, we are now seeing increasing interest from actors in the retail value chain to redefine the information standards and protocolsExpand
Double Bind: Governing the Economy in an ICT Era
The recent financial debacle was preceded by a long complex evolution in the way firms created value and organized. The fragmentation of production, intense global competition, and the informationExpand
The digitalization of retailing: an exploratory framework
AbstractPurpose – Digitalization denotes an on-going transformation of great importance for the retail sector. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the phenomenon of the digitalization ofExpand
The Roles of Corporate Marketing Strategies and Brand Management in the Global Retail Industry
This chapter explores the roles of corporate marketing strategies and brand management in the global retail industry, thus describing the concepts of marketing strategy, international retailExpand
Retail Marketing Strategies and Brand Management: A Global Retail Industry Perspective
TLDR
The literature review analysis provides both practitioners and researchers an important understanding about retail marketing strategies and brand management in the global retail industry. Expand
Social Media Marketing: A Literature Review on Consumer Products
Social media is used by billions of people around the world and has fast become one of the defining technologies of our time. Social media allows people to freely interact with others and offersExpand
The Role of Electronic Commerce in the Global Business Environments
This chapter presents the role of electronic commerce (e-commerce) in the global business environments, thus describing the overview of e-commerce, the strategy of e-commerce, the applications ofExpand
Traceability and Quality Control in Traditional Chinese Medicine: From Chemical Fingerprint to Two-Dimensional Barcode
  • Yong Cai, Xiwen Li, +4 authors Yitao Wang
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM
  • 2015
TLDR
The fingerprint information of TCM can be converted into data format that can be stored as 2D code for traceability and quality control, and results show that QR Code is suitable for recording the TCM chemical fingerprint. Expand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 38 REFERENCES
Nations of Retailers: The Comparative Political Economy of Retail Trade
This dissertation analyzes the development of the retail sector in the United States and Western Europe. The predominant literature on the service sector in both economics and political science hasExpand
Host economy impacts of transnational retail: the research agenda
The last decade has witnessed an acceleration of retail foreign direct investment into a range of emerging markets across East Asia, Central and Eastern Europe and Latin America, led by a smallExpand
Environment and Policy Factors Shaping Global E-Commerce Diffusion: A Cross-Country Comparison
TLDR
The case studies suggest that enabling policies such as trade and telecommunications liberalization are likely to have the biggest impact on e-commerce, by making ICT and Internet access more affordable to firms and consumers, and increasing pressure on firms to adopt e- commerce to compete. Expand
Barriers to ‘US Style’ lean retailing: the case of Wal-Mart's failure in Germany
Wal-Mart's exit from the German market in 2006 after 10 years of attempting to achieve sustainable competitive advantage contributes an interesting case to the small but expanding literature onExpand
Efficient consumer response: a preliminary comparison of US and European experiences
Within the domain of Electronic Commerce, Efficient Consumer Response (ECR) is a grocery industry management strategy designed to make the industry more efficient and responsive to consumers' needs.Expand
Structural Changes and Global Trends in European Union Trade
The article aims at researching and presenting structural changes and global trends in distributive trade of European Union, resulted from liberalization of economic activities within the EU. DuringExpand
Regulation, Productivity and Growth: OECD Evidence
The authors look at differences in the scope and depth of pro-competitive regulatory reforms and privatization policies as a possible source of cross-country dispersion in growth outcomes. TheyExpand
Productivity in services: an international comparative perspective
Relatively little work has been done on international comparisons of service productivity. This is partly because of the complexity of the measurement problems. Also, service productivity is stronglyExpand
The Diffusion of Modern Manufacturing Practices: Evidence from the Retail-Apparel Sectors
As in many industries, firms in the apparel industry exhibit substantial heterogeneity in the adoption of "modern manufacturing" practices. Based on detailed business-unit level data, we show thatExpand
Output Considerations in Retail Productivity
Three issues are discussed. First there is exploration of the development of the concept of output in studies of retail productivity, suggesting that the paradigm that underpins the study of retailExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...