Barbed Bone Points: Tradition and Continuity in Saharan and Sub-Saharan Africa

  title={Barbed Bone Points: Tradition and Continuity in Saharan and Sub-Saharan Africa},
  author={John E. Yellen},
  journal={African Archaeological Review},
  • J. Yellen
  • Published 1 September 1998
  • Geology
  • African Archaeological Review
Examination of African barbed bone points recovered from Holocene sites provides a context to interpret three Late Pleistocene occurrences from Katanda and Ishango, Zaire, and White Paintings Shelter, Botswana. In sites dated to ca. 10,000 BP and younger, such artifacts are found widely distributed across the Sahara Desert, the Sahel, the Nile, and the East African Lakes. They are present in both ceramic and aceramic contexts, sometimes associated with domesticates. The almost-universal… 
Poison arrows and bone utensils in late Pleistocene eastern Africa: evidence from Kuumbi Cave, Zanzibar
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Archaeology, palaeoenvironment, and chronology of the Tsodilo Hills White Paintings Rock Shelter, northwest Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Abstract Excavations conducted at the White Paintings Rock Shelter (WPS) have uncovered 7 m of deposits ranging in age from the historic period to at least 100,000 years at the base. Eleven
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The reconstruction of Late Pleistocene population dynamics in the northeastern Central African rainforest is hampered by the scanty though intriguing environmental, archaeological, and human fossil
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It is suggested that the absence of organic spear armatures in the Middle Paleolithic is not due to a deficiency in the technology of Neandertals but may be tied to the organizational strategies of the hunters and to patterns of game choice and capture.
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The context of early megalithic architecture in eastern Africa: the Turkana Basin c. 5000-4000 BP
Megalithic ‘pillar sites’ built by middle Holocene peoples of the Turkana Basin in northwestern Kenya provide eastern Africa's earliest known example of monumental architecture. Radiometric dates


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Three archaeological sites at Katanda on the Upper Semliki River in the Western Rift Valley of Zaire have provided evidence for a well-developed bone industry in a Middle Stone Age context, indicating that a complex subsistence specialization had developed in Africa by this time.
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Katanda 9, an open air Middle Stone Age site, contains a dense vertically compressed accumulation of lithic and faunal remains. The physical state of these materials indicates prolonged surface
Dating and context of three middle stone age sites with bone points in the Upper Semliki Valley, Zaire.
In eastern Zaire, archaeological sites with bone points have yielded dates older than 89(-15)+22 thousand years ago by several techniques, which are consistent with this age.
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Barbed bone points, typical of those from the early Holocene settlement of “Early Khartoum”, have been found at three sites along the White Nile, south of Khartoum. The form of the fragments and the
The Sahara in northern Mali: man and his environment between 10,000 and 3500 years bp. (Preliminary results)
This article sets forth the preliminary results of reconnaissance in a totally desertic part of the Malian Sahara, located between 19°30′ N. to 22° N. and 0° to 6° W. Pleistocene sites with Acheulian
The African aqualithic
  • J. Sutton
  • Environmental Science, History
  • 1977
During the early post-Pleistocene there flourished right across the middle belt of the African continent a highly distinctive way of life intimately associated with the great rivers, lakes and
The Aquatic Civilization of Middle Africa
  • J. Sutton
  • History
    The Journal of African History
  • 1974
Between the ninth and third millennia B.C. wetter conditions prevailed over most of Africa. Lakes and rivers were fuller and some of the internal basins were temporarily linked, especially in the
Radiocarbon Dating of East African Lake Levels
The fluctuations of the key East African lakes discussed are summarized and a notable lack of correlations between high-latitude glacial advances or maxima and intervals of high lake levels have been demonstrated or suggested for tropical Africa, shows the introduction of new climato-stratigraphic terms such as hypothermal and interstadial of questionable value.
Sedentism, cultivation, and plant domestication in the holocene middle Nile region
AbstractThis paper focuses on preconditions for, and consequences of, sedentism and the emergence of cultivation. Archaeological material from sites in the Middle Nile basin dated to the mid-9th
Holocene Sites North-East of Lake Turkana: A Preliminary Report
Summary Mr Barthelme is engaged in research for a Ph.D. degree for the University of California at Berkeley. His work, of which this is a preliminary report, has been undertaken under the auspices of