Bantu language trees reflect the spread of farming across sub-Saharan Africa: a maximum-parsimony analysis.

@article{Holden2002BantuLT,
  title={Bantu language trees reflect the spread of farming across sub-Saharan Africa: a maximum-parsimony analysis.},
  author={Clare Janaki Holden},
  journal={Proceedings. Biological sciences},
  year={2002},
  volume={269 1493},
  pages={793-9}
}
Linguistic divergence occurs after speech communities divide, in a process similar to speciation among isolated biological populations. The resulting languages are hierarchically related, like genes or species. Phylogenetic methods developed in evolutionary biology can thus be used to infer language trees, with the caveat that 'borrowing' of linguistic elements between languages also occurs, to some degree. Maximum-parsimony trees for 75 Bantu and Bantoid African languages were constructed… CONTINUE READING
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