Bank Runs, Deposit Insurance, and Liquidity

@article{Diamond1983BankRD,
  title={Bank Runs, Deposit Insurance, and Liquidity},
  author={Douglas W. Diamond and Philip H. Dybvig},
  journal={Journal of Political Economy},
  year={1983},
  volume={91},
  pages={401 - 419}
}
This paper shows that bank deposit contracts can provide allocations superior to those of exchange markets, offering an explanation of how banks subject to runs can attract deposits. Investors face privately observed risks which lead to a demand for liquidity. Traditional demand deposit contracts which provide liquidity have multiple equilibria, one of which is a bank run. Bank runs in the model cause real economic damage, rather than simply reflecting other problems. Contracts which can… 
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