Balancing the Dilution and Oddity Effects: Decisions Depend on Body Size

  title={Balancing the Dilution and Oddity Effects: Decisions Depend on Body Size},
  author={Gwendolen M. Rodgers and Jonathan Ward and Beth Askwith and Lesley J Morrell},
  booktitle={PloS one},
BACKGROUND Grouping behaviour, common across the animal kingdom, is known to reduce an individual's risk of predation; particularly through dilution of individual risk and predator confusion (predator inability to single out an individual for attack). Theory predicts greater risk of predation to individuals more conspicuous to predators by difference in appearance from the group (the 'oddity' effect). Thus, animals should choose group mates close in appearance to themselves (eg. similar size… CONTINUE READING
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