Non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infections in the United States, 1983-2002.
An outbreak of acute enteritis in children aged one to thirty-three months occurred from June 10th to 23rd, 1986, at a private orphanage in Matsuyama City. Twenty-two out of 23 children suffered from diarrhea. Nine of the 22 children excreted bloody stool. Fever and vomiting were observed with a few patients. One of them, a 33-month-old girl, developed hemolytic uremic syndrome, and died twelve days after the admission. Escherichia coli O111:H- was isolated from fecal specimens of 7 out of 15 patients. The culture filtrate of the isolate caused fluid accumulation in ligated ileal loops in a rabbit, and was lethal to mice. It was found that all isolates produced two kinds of Vero toxins (VT1 and VT2, or shiga-like toxin I and II). The amount of VT2 produced in vitro was about 10 times more than that of VT1.