An Enterococcus faecium strain from Nigerian fermented skimmed cow milk ('wara') produced bacteriocin inhibitory towards Lactobacillus, Enterococcus and Listeria strains. The bacteriocin (designated enterocin 01) was inactivated by proteases, heat-stable at 100 degrees c and active at pH 2.0-6.0. The Ent. faecium isolate harboured plasmids of ca 36.3 and 23.1 kb. Curing experiments with ethidium bromide resulted in a bacteriocin-negative mutant which had not lost immunity to the bacteriocin. Slight differences in plasmid profiles between wild-type and mutant indicated a possible plasmid-coded bacteriocin production.